The number of foreigners that settle in China mid- to long-term has increased in the recent past. However, the percentage of immigrants in relation to the total population remains low, standing at 0.05 or 0.1 percent. The numbers emigrating are still surpassing those immigrating, and it can be assumed that this trend will not change in the near future. The demographic change has recently begun to hit China as well. The population is aging and the birthrates are sinking so that in the future the working population will also shrink. With this in mind, China would do well to implement national migration policies that meet international standards which, among other things, give incentives for highly skilled laborers to come (back) to China.
Dealing with refugees and asylum seekers represents a further challenge. To fulfill their responsibility in the area of refuge and asylum as a signatory to the Geneva Convention on Refugees, passing a national asylum law and appointing the corresponding responsible institutions seems indispensible for the People’s Republic. The introduction of identity cards for asylum seekers and the corresponding legalization of their residence until a final decision is made on their asylum request, and the attempt of Chinese authorities to grant refugee children access to education (presently in five provinces)
This text is part of the Interner Link: country profile China.