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Turkey

Dossier

With the exception of the influx of the Turkish Muslim populations of the Ottoman Empire who were left out of its newly established borders in 1923, Turkey has largely been considered a country of emigration throughout much of the 20th century. However, the last quarter of the 20th century witnessed a significant change in Turkey's role in international migration regimes as it transformed into a transit and immigration country. Turkey's transition from being a predominantly migrant-sending country to a migrant-receiving country, and its ongoing effort to become a member of the European Union, are generating pressure to reform Turkish immigration policies, a big challenge that Turkey has to face in the very near future. (Version from 4/2009)

Erscheinungsdatum:

Turkey’s Asylum Policy: An Overview

Since 2014 Turkey has been the world's major refugee hosting country as regards the absolute number of hosted individuals. Due to the large refugee inflow and connected challenges, the country put…

Nuray Ekşi

/ 9 Minuten zu lesen

Situation of Syrian Refugees in Turkey

More than four million Syrians fled the Syrian Civil War and have sought refuge in one of Syria's neighboring countries. Turkey is hosting the lion share. However, since their arrival in Turkey,…

Doğus Şimşek

/ 7 Minuten zu lesen

Background Information

Turkey has largely been considered a country of emigration throughout much of the 20th century. However, the last quarter of the 20th century witnessed a significant change in Turkey's role in…

Ahmet İçduygu, Deniz Sert

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Historical Trends in Emigration and Immigration

During the first years of its existence, the new Republic of Turkey faced two parallel international migratory movements: the mass departure of non-Muslim minority populations and the influx of…

Ahmet İçduygu, Deniz Sert

/ 7 Minuten zu lesen

Immigration and Integration Policy

Although Turkey has rather conservative policies on the permanent settlement of foreigners, migrants, asylum-seekers, and refugees, the visa system of the country has been somewhat liberal.

Ahmet İçduygu, Deniz Sert

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Citizenship

In Turkey, citizenship is granted in three main ways. Children of Turkish mothers or fathers as well as children born in Turkey to non-Turkish citizens are automatically granted citizenship.…

Ahmet İçduygu, Deniz Sert

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Refuge and Asylum

Turkey has increasingly become a source of asylum-seekers looking for refuge in other parts of the world. On the other hand, Turkey has always been a country of destination for asylum-seekers looking…

Ahmet İçduygu, Deniz Sert

/ 5 Minuten zu lesen

Foreign Population

The number of foreign-born people in Turkey is much larger than the number of foreign residents. As of 2000, approximately 2% of the entire population were born abroad. The group consists of the…

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Irregular Migration

The geographical position of Turkey makes it a major route for irregular migrants from its politically and economically unstable eastern neighbors aiming for better lives in the West. The rather…

/ 3 Minuten zu lesen

Current Developments and Future Challenges

As the largest immigrant community in Europe, Turks are are becoming an easy target for anti-immigrant feelings and xenophobia. Regarding the irregular migration flows between Turkey and neighboring…

/ 4 Minuten zu lesen

References

Here you can find references and further reading for Country Profile 5: "Turkey" by Ahmet İçduygu and Deniz Sert.

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen