Veranstaltungen: Dokumentation

13.3.2003

Freedom – Security – Justice.

Towards a Common Internal and Security Policy in the European Union?

Today, a clear two-class system is present in Europe. European citizens and third-country nationals are separated from each other in their rights and duties so that European integration is built up on exclusion.

Dr. jur. Ece Göztepe-Çelebi

Thesis
  1. Today, a clear two-class system is present in Europe. European citizens and third-country nationals are separated from each other in their rights and duties so that European integration is built up on exclusion. The gulf between the political rights and the right of free movement of European citizens on the one hand and the restrictive residence and working regulations for third-country nationals on the other hand threatens the societal peace within Europe. Currently, third-country nationals neither belong to nor participate in the political community of the European Union. Especially after the establishment of European citizenship the continually worsening and politically unacceptable status of third-country nationals has lead to a social exclusion which causes racism and xenophobia. The "Fortress Europe" (Festung Europa) already exists within the borders of the Member States.

  2. The current concept of European citizenship is based on an acceptance of the traditional nation-state. The acquisition of the status of a European citizen through the nationality of a Member State contradicts and restricts the dynamic potential of European citizenship. The theory of an out-dated era cannot be the basis for a new political challenge on a European level.

  3. For a "Citizens´ Europe" the general concept of European citizenship must be thought out. The acquisition of this status must be uncoupled from the nationality of the Member States and mediated according to residence in the European Union (denizenship). Since we are far from a global citizenship, we are aware of the fact that a status grounded on denizenship will also exclude some residents in Europe. We therefore suggest that the long-term resident third-country nationals who have been legally residing for 3 years in a Member State should enjoy the rights and duties of European citizens. Only such an inclusion process can help to shift the third-country nationals from their passive subjecthood to an active citizenship.

  4. The political rights of European citizens must be extended. A Europe without inner frontiers which fulfills all the market requirements for free movement of goods, capital, services and workers turns out to be a contradiction because of the politically nation-state oriented relationship of the European Union and European citizens. The right of European citizens to vote and to stand as a candidate both in municipal and in European Parliament elections in a Member State other than that of their nationality should be granted at all election levels of the Member States (at regional level – Länder – in federal states as well as at the national level). The free movement of European citizens should not lead to the loss of political rights and at the same time should encourage the European citizen to take part in the political life of the host Member State. The European political union may not be undermined by national doubts and the traditional understanding of sovereignty.


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