NECE Exchange

Citizenship Education by Comparison

To enable comparison of citizenship education in the different countries across the Mediterranean, this platform offers an easy way to navigate through unified sections that correspond to the structure of the country profiles.

Important aspects that influence citizenship education in a country.

Background Information

Every country has a different system of citizenship education, resulting from the specific background and historical developments. This section will help you understand the emergence and specific nature of citizenship education in the different countries.

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Searching for Defintions


What is the aim of citizenship education - to educate citizens to be patriots or to be critical about the realities on the ground? Is it supposed to focus on knowledge or rather on skills? This section is dedicated to information about existing definitions in the different countries.

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Thoughts about what belongs to the Eco-System of Citizenship Education.

Ecosystem of non-formal citizenship education

Ecosystems of non-formal citizenship education give details about CSOs, working in the field of citizenship education, about the general environment, in which they are working, as well as how they are perceived in the society.

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Legal Environment

Citizenship Education by Comparison

Legal environment

While some countries do not have acting legislation about citizenship education, it represents an important framework in others. In this section you can obtain a comparison of the legal framework in each country.

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Who are the important stakeholders when it comes to citizenship education in the different countries? Are they coming primarily from the private/ non-governmental or public sector? The following section gives a glimpse in the situation in the different countries.

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Challenges for Citizenship Education


The challenges for citizenship education vary in the different countries and derive from the political and societal environment, from demands of the educational system, lack of capacities and support. This section provides information about what the authors define to be the most pressing challenges in their countries.

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تكوين المواطنة في أوروبا وشمال إفريقيا

تكوين المواطنة في أوروبا وشمال إفريقيا

Here you can find the Arabic version of this Publication.

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European societies, albeit at different paces, have undergone profound changes in the fabric of their populations due to EU enlargement, European Citizenship, globalization and migration processes. Traditional concepts of citizenship and citizenship education in Europe have to be revised in the light of these developments.

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Associated Partner / Organisations / Projects

Within the NECE Database we gathered projects of associeated Organizations and their projects regarding citizenship education. Add your Project or Organization to help other People creating their own projects.

Tip: By using the "topics / subjects"-filter you can search for euro-mediterranean projects within the database.


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NECE Newsletter 03/2020

#digitalNECE #NECEcampus
Auf der findet ihr weitere Informationen zum NECE Campus.

Useful information ahead of the EU elections on
Going to the polls can make a difference, as Brexit and other electoral shocks have shown. Elections do matter! Read more about it here.

Interview with Sarah de Lange
Our new Advisory Board member, Sarah de Lange, introduces herself to NECE. Read the interview here.

NECE Conference 2018: Brave new Worlds?! The Future of Democracy and Citizenship Education
6 - 9 September 2018, Marseille (France)
Conference documentation available here.

Lorenzo Marsili on the parliamentary elections in Italy
NECE asked Lorenzo Marsili in what way the results of the parliamentary elections in Italy fit in Europe’s current political landscape. Read the comment here.

bpb statement to the Public consultation on EU funds in the area of values and mobility
The consultation took place as part of the preparations for the Multiannual Financial Framework which will define and shape the EU Budget after 2020. Click here for the PDF-Icon statement and the PDF-Icon questionnaire.

DARE (Democracy and Human Rights Education in Europe) Mini-conference on Populism and Democratic Resilience
14 June 2018 in Nafplio, Greece
Find out more

25th EUROCLIO Annual Conference and Professional Training and Development Course: Mediterranean Dialogue
April 21-26 2018 in Marseille
Find out more

Eurydice Brief: Citizenship Education at School in Europe – 2017
In an age where the importance of citizenship education is becoming apparent to deal with the current threats to fundamental European values, many countries are implementing changes in their national policies. Read more here

NAME CHANGE: “Hard to Reach” Focus Group now “All-in network” - Your chance to get involved!
Labelling learners as “Hard to Reach” immediately suggests that the problem lies with the learner rather than the educational system.
Find out more

MAPPING TRANSITION IN EASTERN EUROPE: Experience of Change after the End of Communism, edited by Louisa Slavkova
Click here for the publication

Civic Education in Eastern Europe - bpb publishes collection of essays as free e-book
The publication is available in English and Russian language.