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Challenges for Citizenship Education
The challenges for citizenship education vary in the different countries and derive from the political and societal environment, from demands of the educational system, lack of capacities and support. This section provides information about what the authors define to be the most pressing challenges in their countries.

Citizenship Education in Austria

Challenges: Austria

A danger of education being more and more subject to economic considerations, the disenchantment with politics and the general lack of resources might have a negative impact on a successful development of Citizenship Education. The players in Citizenship Education work hard to improve its general conditions. What mainly needs to be done is to bridge the gap between

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Civic education in Bulgaria

Challenges: Bulgaria

The installment of citizenship education through adopting international and EU practices is a top-down process, which has not been preceded by an assessment of the needs and forms of citizenship education. While in principle there is nothing wrong with a top-down approach, whenever

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Citizenship education in the Czech Republic

Challenges: Czech Republic

Citizenship education faces a multitude of challenges – describing them all would merit a separate article, the most pertinent ones being

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Civic Education in Denmark

Challenges: Denmark

One challenge is that the concept citizenship is only used rarely within the legal framework and curricular guideline of formal education. This doesn’t mean that many of the themes and issues, often connected with citizenship education are absent from formal education. They are integrated into for instance civics and history. But, if ‘citizenship education’ are meant to signal something different from

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Civic Education in Egypt

Challenges: Egypt

The challenges within the formal sector are related to the political environment, the school and university environment, the curriculum, and the teaching methods and teacher preparation. The political environment might be seen as a challenge to CE, because of the real life situations the student has to encounter that contradict with the principles and values of CE; teaching students about human rights, social justice, freedom of speech, political participation and

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Civic Education in Germany

Challenges: Germany

The major challenge for citizenship education at present is to build further upon the research base that already does exist, so as to further develop into an independent academic discipline. Regarding empirical research in relation to citizenship education, it would be beneficial to include data that has already been proven to guide individual assumptions and

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Country Profile Morocco

Challenges: Morocco

There is no doubt that Moroccan educational system instituted a series of development plans to promote civic values through formal education, yet in spite of these advances, citizenship education already face a wide array of existing challenges

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Country Profile Netherlands

Challenges: Netherlands

As a direct result of the freedom of education Dutch schools are individually responsible for the development of their own vision statement and their own curriculum of citizenship education. One-third of the schools doesn’t have an explicit vision on citizenship or insight in the social and civic competences of their students.

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Country Profile Poland

Challenges: Poland

Apart from the concentration of the school around the exams, deficiencies in school democracy and project based learning or discouraging image of politics in the media, there are still several challenges left. First of all, what our schools lack is a systematic anti-discrimination education. There exist isolated programmes and teachers involved in education for equality, but such activities are not

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Country Profile Slovenia

Challenges: Slovenia

One of the most pressing challenges to citizenship education within formal education is related to the teaching staff of the compulsory subject ‘Patriotic and citizenship education and ethics’ at the lower secondary school level.

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Country Profile Spain

Challenges: Spain

Spain faced a series of challenges in its efforts to implement citizenship education. There were ideological disputes on the definition of freedoms, values, role of religion, and whose ‘legitimate’ role it is to establish a civic and moral education. Furthermore, there was the deeply rooted decentralization system which provides a high level of autonomy to the different communities making it a challenge to

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Country Profile Tunisia

Challenges: Tunisia

Some of the most important challenges associated with citizenship education are as follows: Revising the topics and the course by selecting from the subject some of the items that are rather closer to Islamic, social and psychological education, to History and even Philosophy than to citizenship education, with an effort to achieve more consistency between

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Country Profile UK

Challenges: UK

The strong evidence base developed for Citizenship around the CELS study and Ofsted report highlights many challenges facing this area since 2002. Perhaps the greatest is that around the consistency and coherence of links between policy, practice and vision. The CELS report of 2010 showed that citizenship education is most effective for young people over time: where they encounter it regularly in the curriculum (starting in primary schools); where that curriculum time for Citizenship is planned and taught by

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تكوين المواطنة في أوروبا وشمال إفريقيا

تكوين المواطنة في أوروبا وشمال إفريقيا

Here you can find the Arabic version of this Publication.

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European societies, albeit at different paces, have undergone profound changes in the fabric of their populations due to EU enlargement, European Citizenship, globalization and migration processes. Traditional concepts of citizenship and citizenship education in Europe have to be revised in the light of these developments.

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Associated Partner / Organisations / Projects

Within the NECE Database we gathered projects of associeated Organizations and their projects regarding citizenship education. Add your Project or Organization to help other People creating their own projects.

Tip: By using the "topics / subjects"-filter you can search for euro-mediterranean projects within the database.


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NECE Newsletter 03/2020

#digitalNECE #NECEcampus
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Useful information ahead of the EU elections on
Going to the polls can make a difference, as Brexit and other electoral shocks have shown. Elections do matter! Read more about it here.

Interview with Sarah de Lange
Our new Advisory Board member, Sarah de Lange, introduces herself to NECE. Read the interview here.

NECE Conference 2018: Brave new Worlds?! The Future of Democracy and Citizenship Education
6 - 9 September 2018, Marseille (France)
Conference documentation available here.

Lorenzo Marsili on the parliamentary elections in Italy
NECE asked Lorenzo Marsili in what way the results of the parliamentary elections in Italy fit in Europe’s current political landscape. Read the comment here.

bpb statement to the Public consultation on EU funds in the area of values and mobility
The consultation took place as part of the preparations for the Multiannual Financial Framework which will define and shape the EU Budget after 2020. Click here for the PDF-Icon statement and the PDF-Icon questionnaire.

DARE (Democracy and Human Rights Education in Europe) Mini-conference on Populism and Democratic Resilience
14 June 2018 in Nafplio, Greece
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25th EUROCLIO Annual Conference and Professional Training and Development Course: Mediterranean Dialogue
April 21-26 2018 in Marseille
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Eurydice Brief: Citizenship Education at School in Europe – 2017
In an age where the importance of citizenship education is becoming apparent to deal with the current threats to fundamental European values, many countries are implementing changes in their national policies. Read more here

NAME CHANGE: “Hard to Reach” Focus Group now “All-in network” - Your chance to get involved!
Labelling learners as “Hard to Reach” immediately suggests that the problem lies with the learner rather than the educational system.
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MAPPING TRANSITION IN EASTERN EUROPE: Experience of Change after the End of Communism, edited by Louisa Slavkova
Click here for the publication

Civic Education in Eastern Europe - bpb publishes collection of essays as free e-book
The publication is available in English and Russian language.