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NECE Exchange

26.10.2015 | Von:
Maram Anbar

Stakeholders: Spain


The subject of “citizenship education” created controversy among politicians and the Catholic Church as well as opposition ranging from parents associations to Catholic NGOs. Some people considered the subject too important to merely be taught in schools and wanted to see more pedagogical tools and programs for more experiential learning, while others supported the idea but considered that the curriculum was not developed with enough transparency. The opposition argued that the government was indoctrinating the students; that defining values differs from one family to another and can’t be generalized; and that the curriculum was insinuating values and ways of life[1] that were against the teachings of the Catholic Church, thus transmitting a foreign ideology to the students through the subject of citizenship. This debate in itself was the mere essence of citizenship education, the ability and willingness of citizens to take part in an open debate regarding an issue of social or political interest. It was also a debate that was very much influenced by social, political and economic factors. It took place during a period of change in Spain with the economic crisis of 2008; the confrontations between the two leading political parties the PP[2] and PSOE, as well as social changes and liberties with LGTB rights and migration as topics of debate. In the months to follow a power struggle broke out between the Church and the State with the subject of citizenship education as its foreground. Following the decree and instating the subject as part of the curriculum the court received several appeal petitions from parents, parents’ associations, Catholics NGOs, conservatives groups etc. in different communities (Hatt, A. & Issa, T., 2008). All claims highlighted the right for conscientious objection, the families’ right that their children receive religious teaching according to their convictions and values, and questioned the role of the state in the field of education. The court ruled against the petitions citing that the subject was constitutional and that it conforms to values of democracy and pluralism[3].

Country Profile: Spain


This includes issues such as abortion, mixed marriages, civil marriages, secular thinking and values of other faiths, legalization of homosexual marriage with the right to adopt, among others.
Popular Party (PP) http://www.pp.es/
Memorandum To The Council Of Europe Regarding The Spanish Government’s Project to Remove Democratic Citizenship and Human Rights Education in School Curriculum. (2013)

تكوين المواطنة في أوروبا وشمال إفريقيا

تكوين المواطنة في أوروبا وشمال إفريقيا

Here you can find the Arabic version of this Publication.

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European societies, albeit at different paces, have undergone profound changes in the fabric of their populations due to EU enlargement, European Citizenship, globalization and migration processes. Traditional concepts of citizenship and citizenship education in Europe have to be revised in the light of these developments.

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Associated Partner / Organisations / Projects

Within the NECE Database we gathered projects of associeated Organizations and their projects regarding citizenship education. Add your Project or Organization to help other People creating their own projects.

Tip: By using the "topics / subjects"-filter you can search for euro-mediterranean projects within the database.


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