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Citizenship Education in Europe

Initiated and established under different historical and political circumstances and backgrounds, citizenship education discourse differs from country to country. Here you can find a range of contributions that provide insight into the origins, systems, and debates on citizenship education in the different nations that make up Europe.

The following contributions were first published in "The Making of Citizens in Europe", 2008.

Citizenship Education in England

The changing political atmosphere in the 1990s played an important part in contributing to make English people think of themselves as citizens. It was not until the very end of the 20th century that the terms civic education or citizenship education began to appear in educational documents with any regularity.

PDF-Icon Ted Huddleston: Citizenship Education in England (PDF-Version: 55 KB)

Ted Huddleston is consultant in civic and citizenship education and an associate of the Citizenship Foundation in England. The focus of his work is pedagogy and policy in citizenship education nationally and internationally including training and consultancy in a number of countries, among them Bosnia, Serbia, Bahrain, Oman and Ethiopia.

Citizenship Education in France

If most of the themes covered by citizenship education focus on rights enjoyed by French citizens, as well as on the functioning of the various political and social institutions in which citizens can exert those right, citizenship education has opened itself to other topics, such as the impact of globalisation and of the process of European integration on the contemporary meaning of citizenship.

PDF-Icon Elise Féron: Citizenship Education in France (PDF-Version: 45 KB)

Elise Féron, Dr. Hab., is senior lecturer in International Conflict Analysis at Brussels School of International Studies (University of Kent) and associated researcher and invited professor at the Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium). She has worked and published mainly in the field of conflict studies, more specifically on the Nothern Irish conflict. She obtained her Accreditation to Supervise Research in 2003, and her Ph.D. (Political Science) in Lille in 1999.

Citizenship Education in Germany

Citizenship education exists as a pedagogical principle at all of Germany`s varied educational facilities, it is a very important part of the German school system and takes place at every level of education.

PDF-Icon Dirk Lange: Citizenship Education in Germany (PDF-Version: 50 KB)

Dirk Lange, Dr. Phil., is professor of Didactics in Civic Education at Leibnitz University Hannover and visiting professor at the University of Sydney. He is the editor of the journal Praxis Politik and the Chairman of the German Association for Political/Civic Education (DVPB).

Citizenship Education in Portugal

Portugal continues to show structural weakness in terms of the population`s training and qualifications, which has kept the country below European Union standards in such areas as school dropouts and qualifications of the working population as whole.

PDF-Icon Maria Helena Salema: Citizenship Education in Portugal (PDF-Version: 60 KB)

Maria Helena Salema is professor in the Department of Education, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon. She worked in the project of the Council of Europe Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC) as a member of the CAHCIT (Ad Hoc Committee of Experts fort he European Year of Citizenship through Education) and as a member of the Bureau, from 2004-2006. She was the Portuguese EDC coordinator from 2002-2005 and member of the Accompaniment Group, Ministry of Education, Bureau for European Affairs and International Relations (GAERI).

Citizenship Education in Slovenia

A new educational legislation lent substantial support to the active participation of pupils in various aspects of school life such as mandatory childrens parliaments, which are the best form of education for encouraging pupil`s participation in active citizenship.

PDF-Icon Mitja Sardoè: Citizenship Education in Slovenia (PDF-Version: 50 KB)

Mitja Sardoè, MSc, is a researcher at the Educational Research Institute in Ljubljana and assistant at the Faculty of Management in Koper, Slovenia, where he is currently engaged in several research projects on citizenship education, human rights, and equal eductional opportunities. His research focuses on political theory and philosophie of education with particular emphasis on citizenship education, equality, inclusion, and diversity in public education.

Citizenship Education in Ukraine

Citizenship education in Ukraine was influenced by the communist ideology of the USSR until the 1990s. Nowadays civic values are represented in basic educational policy documents in Ukraine. Citizens reacted to current political events with a strong civic volunteer movement.

PDF-Icon Yaroslav Pylynskyi: Civic education in Ukraine
PDF-Icon Yaroslav Pylynskyi: Civic education in Ukraine (russ.)

Yaroslav Pylynskyi works for the Centre for Civic Education ‘Kyivske bratstvo’ in Kiev.

Citizenship Education in Armenia

Today, Armenia has the challenge that many civics teachers still are attached to the “mandatory materials” such as the mandatory civics textbook that limits possibilities for creativity and critical thinking. Furthermore there is a lack of effective cooperation between the labor market and the system of professional education (vocational education).

PDF-Icon Grgoryan/Mkrtchyan: Citizenship Education in Armenia

Hasmik Grigoryan is PhD Student at UCD School of Politics and International Relations in Ireland and Anush Mkrtchyan works for Analytical Centre on Globalization and Regional Cooperation (ACGRC).

Citizenship Education in Azerbaijan

The Law on Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan adopted in 2009 did not stipulate a definition of civic education. Pursuant to the current Law on Education, informal education is a form of education provided through a wide range of courses, study groups, and individual studies.

PDF-Icon Rauf Radzhabov: Citizenship Education in Azerbaijan

Rauf Radzhabov is head of the 3RD VIEW Think Tank and member of the Management Board of the Public Union of Azerbaijan History Educators.


NECE Newsletter 03/2020

#digitalNECE #NECEcampus
Auf der nece-conference.eu/nece-campus/ findet ihr weitere Informationen zum NECE Campus.

Useful information ahead of the EU elections on nece.eu
Going to the polls can make a difference, as Brexit and other electoral shocks have shown. Elections do matter! Read more about it here.

Interview with Sarah de Lange
Our new Advisory Board member, Sarah de Lange, introduces herself to NECE. Read the interview here.

NECE Conference 2018: Brave new Worlds?! The Future of Democracy and Citizenship Education
6 - 9 September 2018, Marseille (France)
Conference documentation available here.

Lorenzo Marsili on the parliamentary elections in Italy
NECE asked Lorenzo Marsili in what way the results of the parliamentary elections in Italy fit in Europe’s current political landscape. Read the comment here.

bpb statement to the Public consultation on EU funds in the area of values and mobility
The consultation took place as part of the preparations for the Multiannual Financial Framework which will define and shape the EU Budget after 2020. Click here for the PDF-Icon statement and the PDF-Icon questionnaire.

DARE (Democracy and Human Rights Education in Europe) Mini-conference on Populism and Democratic Resilience
14 June 2018 in Nafplio, Greece
Find out more

25th EUROCLIO Annual Conference and Professional Training and Development Course: Mediterranean Dialogue
April 21-26 2018 in Marseille
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Eurydice Brief: Citizenship Education at School in Europe – 2017
In an age where the importance of citizenship education is becoming apparent to deal with the current threats to fundamental European values, many countries are implementing changes in their national policies. Read more here

NAME CHANGE: “Hard to Reach” Focus Group now “All-in network” - Your chance to get involved!
Labelling learners as “Hard to Reach” immediately suggests that the problem lies with the learner rather than the educational system.
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MAPPING TRANSITION IN EASTERN EUROPE: Experience of Change after the End of Communism, edited by Louisa Slavkova
Click here for the publication

Civic Education in Eastern Europe - bpb publishes collection of essays as free e-book
The publication is available in English and Russian language.