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German Asylum Policy and EU Refugee Protection: The Prospects of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS)

In 2014, there were approximately 52 million forcibly displaced persons worldwide. Against this backdrop, Germany has recently registered rising numbers of asylum claims and refuge and asylum have once again become the subject of constant debate in domestic politics. German asylum policies are framed by international refugee law and common European regulations and therefore have to be analyzed in this context. An overview.

The authors work at the office of the Expert Council of German Foundations on Integration and Migration (SVR). This policy brief represents their personal opinion.

   
Ein Teilnehmer einer bundesweiten Demonstration für die Interessen von Flüchtlingen hält am 28.02.2015 auf dem Theaterplatz in Dresden (Sachsen) eine Weltkugel mit der Aufschrift "Solidarität" hoch

Marcus Engler/Jan Schneider

Introduction

In recent years, asylum policy and refugee protection have been the subject of constant debate in German domestic politics. The number of asylum claims has been on the rise since 2009, and doubled between 2012 and 2014 alone. This development has triggered a fierce political debate as well as legislative activity. Weiter...

Der staatenlose Prince Lenny Penaloza hält am 24.11.2014 in Heidelberg sein Ausweisdokument mit der Aufschrift «Aussetzung der Abschiebung (Duldung)» in den Händen.

Marcus Engler/Jan Schneider

Refugee Law: the International Framework

Worldwide, refugee numbers are on the rise. This trend is reflected in rising numbers of asylum applications in Germany - a development that challenges the national asylum system and corresponding politics. However, the sovereignty of states with regard to asylum policies is limited by international regulations on refugee protection. Weiter...

August 1995: Asylsuchende Sudanesen in ihrer Unterkunft auf dem Frankfurter Flughafen.

Marcus Engler/Jan Schneider

Asylum Law, Refugee Policy and Humanitarian Migration in the Federal Republic of Germany

The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its additional Protocol of 1967 form the basis of international refugee law. Within this framework, there are several different forms of humanitarian protection that nation-states apply. After the Second World War Germany established a comparatively liberal law regulating the right to asylum. However, reforms such as the "Asylum Compromise" in 1992/1993 have led to a much more restrictive approach ever since. Weiter...

Eine Aufnahme vom 30.08.2014 zeigt Mitarbeiter der Flüchtlings-Rettungsstation auf See, die von einem Beiboot der «Phoenix» aus Flüchtlingen in einem Schlauchboot Wasserflaschen zuwerfen. Die Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ist von der Italienerin Regina Catrambone und ihrem amerikanischen Ehemann Christopher als nach eigenen Angaben Europas erste privat finanzierte Flüchtlingshilfe zur See gegründet worden. Das seit mehreren Jahren auf Malta lebende Unternehmerpaar hat im vergangenen Jahr etwa 3000 Flüchtlinge vor dem Ertrinken im Mittelmeer gerettet.

Marcus Engler/Jan Schneider

Flight and Asylum as a Europeanized Policy Area: Achievements and Harmonization Goals

Since the mid-1990s German asylum law has become increasingly framed by common European regulations on refugee protection. It is subject to jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights. Germany, however, successfully managed to introduce some restrictive elements of its national asylum policies also on the European level. Weiter...

Nasri Sugal Jaamac aus Somalia sitzt am 26.03.2015 in Stuttgart (Baden-Württemberg) im seinem Zimmer in der Wohngruppe des Jugendamtes an seinem Schreibtisch, auf dem Lernmaterialien liegen. Jaamac floh aus Somalia und kam, weil er noch nicht volljährig ist, in ein Wohnheim des Jugendschutzes.

Marcus Engler/Jan Schneider

Current Developments in Germany

After the Second World War Germany adopted a comparatively permissive approach to the right to asylum. This was severely curbed by a reform known as "Asylum Compromise" in 1992/1993, leading to decreasing numbers of asylum applications. However, since 2009 the number of asylum claims has jumped to high levels once again. Therefore, refuge and asylum issues have re-entered center stage in German domestic politics. Weiter...

Papierboote mit der Aufschrift "SOS Europe" am Strand von San Sebastian, Spanien. - Aktion von Amnesty International


Some paper boats with the message 'SOS Europe' were placed by activists from Amnesty International organization in Sant Sebastia beach, in Barcelona, northeastern Spain, 22 April 2015.

Marcus Engler/Jan Schneider

Current and Future Challenges - the EU's Common Responsibility

With the number of asylum applications on the rise, refuge and asylum have once again become a central issue of domestic politics in Germany. However, given the impact of international and EU regulations on asylum policies, Germany and other EU Member States cannot deal with the situation on their own. Common European solutions are necessary. Weiter...

German Asylum Policy and EU Refugee Protection: The Prospects of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS)

References

Here you can find a list of references for the Policy Brief "German Asylum Policy and EU Refugee Protection: The Prospects of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS)". Weiter...

 

Kurzdossiers

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Infografiken

Zahlen zu Asyl in Deutschland

Wie viele Menschen suchen in Deutschland Asyl? Woher kommen sie? Wie viele Asylanträge sind erfolgreich? Und wie viele Menschen werden abgeschoben? Wir stellen die wichtigsten Zahlen zum Thema Asyl und Flucht monatlich aktualisiert in einfachen Infografiken dar. Weiter...