Koffer

Do Obligatory Civic Integration Courses for Immigrants in Western Europe further Integration?

In recent years, there has been a growing chorus of calls for more coherent and efficient immigrant integration policies. In response to these calls, a variety of European states have introduced obligatory civic integration courses and tests for newcomers. This policy brief identifies common features of civic integration policies in place in the Netherlands, France and Germany, and contrasts them with corresponding policies recently put in place in the United Kingdom. It concludes with a discussion of how effective civic integration courses are in achieving their stated goals. (Published 10/2007)

   
Erklärtes Ziel der Integrationskurse ist u.a., Arbeitslosigkeit und Abhängigkeit von Sozialleistungen bei Zuwanderern zu verringern.

Christian Joppke

Introduction

In recent years, there has been a growing chorus of calls for more coherent and efficient immigrant integration policies. One reflection of these calls was the Council of the European Union's 2004 recommendation for "common basic principles" of immigrant integration. Weiter...

Touristen lassen sich in traditioneller niederländischer Tracht fotografieren.

Christian Joppke

The Netherlands

Civic integration programmes in their current form originated in the Netherlands, in response to the shortcomings of the previous multicultural "minorities policy" in integrating immigrants into key societal sectors, most notably the labor market. Weiter...

Demonstration für die Rechte von Migranten in Paris 2007.

Christian Joppke

France

If, in the Netherlands, civic integration was a clear departure from its previous "ethnic minorities' policy", civic integration in France is more of a continuation of its old assimilationist approach. The earliest incarnation of civic integration were the "introduction platforms". Weiter...

Die Staatsministerin und Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Migration, Flüchtlinge und Integration, Maria Böhmer, stellt am Freitag (04.04.2008) in Berlin neue Plakate der Öffentlichkeit vor.

Christian Joppke

Germany

Germany first practiced something akin to civic integration toward its ethnic Aussiedler, immigrants from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, who, due to their German ancestry, are considered as "returnees" under German law. Weiter...

Von Kindern gemaltes Wandbild in Birmingham.

Christian Joppke

United Kingdom

The British adoption of civic integration is an interesting contrast case to the continental European pattern. First, whereas the continental European integration policies outlined above emerged as a component of immigration policies, in Britain the sequence was reversed. Weiter...

Christian Joppke

Conclusions

How successful are the new civic integration policies in achieving their goals? The answer is: no one really knows. A first, and most obvious, reason for this is the newness of the programmes. Weiter...

Integration Courses

References and further reading

Here you can find a list of references as well as further reading for the policy brief "Do Obligatory Civic Integration Courses for Immigrants in Western Europe further Integration?" by Christian Joppke. Weiter...

 

Kurzdossiers

Inhalt:

Teaserbild Newsletter Migration und Bevölkerung

Kurzdossiers und Länderprofile focus migration abonnieren

Hier können Sie Kurzdossiers und Länderprofile von focus migration abonnieren. Weiter... 

Infografiken

Zahlen zu Asyl in Deutschland

Wie viele Menschen suchen in Deutschland Asyl? Woher kommen sie? Wie viele Asylanträge sind erfolgreich? Und wie viele Menschen werden abgeschoben? Wir stellen die wichtigsten Zahlen zum Thema Asyl und Flucht monatlich aktualisiert in einfachen Infografiken dar. Weiter...