Does Germany Need Labour Migration?

This policy brief considers whether Germany needs additional labour migration, despite the persistence of large-scale unemployment. Although there are now more than 5 million unemployed in Germany, many experts and employers are expressing concerns about current and future labour shortages, especially of highly qualified workers. The policy brief examines the causes of labour market shortages, and how acute they are in different sectors. In conclusion, the brief considers possible policy responses for addressing shortages, suggesting that immigration is indeed likely to be one indispensable tool for filling labour and skills gaps. (Published 4/2005)

Polnische Erntehelferinnen ernten Erdbeeren auf einem Feld bei Leipzig.

Christina Boswell, Thomas Straubhaar


With unemployment in Germany now standing at 5 million, it might appear counterintuitive to argue that Germany needs more labour migration. But many experts and employers are concerned about current and future gaps in labour supply, especially of qualified labour. Weiter...

Ein Turm aus Styropor-Bausteinen, der am 31.05.2011 vor dem Arbeitsministerium in Berlin aufgebaut wird, soll den ohne Fachkräfte zusammenbrechenden Arbeitsmarkt symbolisieren.

Christina Boswell, Thomas Straubhaar

What causes labour shortages?

Labour shortages occur where there is a demand for labour in a particular occupation, but a lack of workers who are available and qualified to do the job. Shortages can take a number of different forms. Weiter...

Christina Boswell, Thomas Straubhaar

How acute are shortages in Germany?

In common with many other OECD countries, Germany faces quite substantial changes in both labour demand and supply. On the demand side, two trends are of particular importance. Weiter...

Ein Techniker arbeitet am 11.07.2013 an einem Flugtriebwerk auf dem Firmengelände der MTU Maintenance in Hannover (Niedersachsen).

Christina Boswell, Thomas Straubhaar

What overall picture can we derive from this analysis?

The growing importance of the knowledge-based economy and continued deindustrialisation will generate increased demand for qualified workers. Assuming that current demographic and educational trends persist, domestic labour supply will not be able to keep up with this shift in demand. Weiter...

Der aus Afghanistan eingebürgerte Polizeibeamte Siawash Ebadi steht am 03.04.2013 in Halle (Saale) (Sachsen-Anhalt) auf dem Marktplatz der Stadt. Der in Magdeburg eingesetzte Ebadi engagiert sich unter anderem für die Einbürgerungskampagne des Landes Sachsen-Anhalt.

Christina Boswell, Thomas Straubhaar

Can labour migration solve the problem?

A much-cited report from the United Nations Population Division argued that Germany would require 3.6 million immigrants per year between 2000 and 2050 to retain current dependency rates. But few commentators accept that this scale of immigration would be desirable. Weiter...

Does Germany Need Labour Migration?


Here you can find a list of references for the Policy Brief "Does Germany Need Labour Migration?" by Christina Boswell and Thomas Straubhaar. Weiter...




Teaserbild Newsletter Migration und Bevölkerung

Kurzdossiers und Länderprofile focus migration abonnieren

Hier können Sie Kurzdossiers und Länderprofile von focus migration abonnieren. Weiter... 


Zahlen zu Asyl in Deutschland

Wie viele Menschen suchen in Deutschland Asyl? Woher kommen sie? Wie viele Asylanträge sind erfolgreich? Und wie viele Menschen werden abgeschoben? Wir stellen die wichtigsten Zahlen zum Thema Asyl und Flucht monatlich aktualisiert in einfachen Infografiken dar. Weiter...