Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Greece

GriechenlandGreece (© bpb)
Greece has traditionally been an emigration country. This changed in the 1970s when immigration started to outnumber emigration. However, Greece first started to create a legal framework for the management of immigration flows only in the 1990s. Yet, lacking perspectives to acquire and maintain a legal residence status continue to shape the situation of many immigrants from non-EU states until today.

The first section of this country profile deals with the historical development of migratory flows to and from Greece since the 1970s. This is followed by a look at the main features of the migrant population in Greece particularly taking into account the question of irregular migrants and asylum seekers, as the three types of flows and stocks (legal, irregular and asylum) in the case of Greece are closely intertwined. Further sections then deal with the main migration management policies as well as citizenship and integration issues. The country profile concludes with a discussion of current and future challenges with regard to migration flows.

   
Diesen griechischen Reisepass legten 1923 eine Mutter und ihre Tochter bei der Einreise in die USA über Ellis Island vor.

Anna Triandafyllidou

Historical Development of Migration

Greece has traditionally been an emigration country. This changed in the 1970s when immigration started to outnumber emigration. However, Greece first started to create a legal framework for the management of immigration flows only in the 1990s. Yet, lacking perspectives to acquire and maintain a legal residence status continue to shape the situation of many immigrants from non-EU states until today. Weiter...

Kinder demonstrieren gegen Rassismus in Athen. Die Zusammensetzung der Einwandererbevölkerung ist je nach Nationalität sehr unterschiedlich.

Anna Triandafyllidou

The Immigrant Population

According to the 2011 national census data, there were 713,000 third country nationals and 199,000 non-Greek EU citizens living in Greece accounting for 6.5 percent and 1.8 percent of the total resident population, respectively. Weiter...

Sozialstation für Immigraten der Caritas in Athen. Selbst gemeinnützigen Organisationen ist es per Gesetz (§ 84) verboten illegale Einwanderer zu unterstützen.

Anna Triandafyllidou

Migration Policies: Recent Developments

Greek migration policies in the 1990s and 2000s have largely been characterized by a reactive approach to irregular migration and informal employment in the country’s black market economy. The main legislative measure for trying to cope with the large number of undocumented migrants has been regularization programs. Reviewing in detail the development of Greek migration policy during the past 20 years goes beyond the scope of this profile. Instead, we present the main features of the legislation currently in force. Weiter...

Altmetallsammler in Athen. Um eine Aufenthaltsgenehmigung verlängern lassen zu können ist der Nachweis einer legalen Beschäftigung notwendig.

Anna Triandafyllidou

Migration Management: Regularization Programs and Residence Permit Issuing and Renewal

Greece has implemented a series of regularization programs: the first regularization program was enacted in 1998, followed by a second program in 2001 and a third program in 2005-06. Weiter...

Sightseeingbus vor dem Parlament in Athen. Um griechischer Staatsbürger werden zu können muss man Kenntnisse der griechischen Sprache und Kultur nachweisen.

Anna Triandafyllidou

Citizenship and Integration Policies

Greek nationality has been based predominantly on the jus sanguinis principle and, until March 2010, the naturalization procedure was long, costly, and with a very uncertain outcome even for applicants who satisfied the requirements. Weiter...

Illegale Einwanderer in einem griechischen Internierungslager. Asylsuchende dürfen seit 2012 bis zu zwölf Monate in Gewahrsam genommen werden.

Anna Triandafyllidou

Irregular Migration and Asylum

During the past five years, Greece has become "famous" in Europe for its failing asylum system which was characterized by inappropriate processing of the applications. Weiter...

Graffiti zur Erinnernung an die Ermordung des griechischen Musikers Pavlos Fyssas durch Mitglieder der rechtsextremen Partei "Goldene Morgenröte" in Athen. Das öffentliche Leben in Griechenland wurde in den letzten Jahren von einer dramatischen Zunahme rassistischer Gewalttaten geprägt.

Anna Triandafyllidou

Current and Future Challenges

A lack of perspective and a reluctance to accept that Greece is an immigration country remain the main two features of the Greek migration management model. After 20 years of experience as a host country, Greece has yet to design and implement viable legal migration channels for third country nationals. Weiter...

References

Here you can find references and further reading for Country Profile 30: "Greece" by Anna Triandafyllidou. Weiter...