Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Senegal

In Europe and elsewhere, there is a widespread image of Africa as a continent in crisis, whose population seeks en masse to find a route to Europe. The example of Senegal, however, illustrates that African migration is far more complex a phenomenon. To begin with, migration to and from Senegal has, until recently, primarily been in connection with other African states. Historically, Senegal was not a country of origin, but rather the destination of migrants. There is, however, evidence of a turnaround since the 1990s, with Senegal becoming more and more a country of emigration and new target regions emerging for Senegalese migrants. As a result, Senegal is facing a range of new challenges. (Version from 11/2007)

Senegal

Felix Gerdes

Background Information

In Europe and elsewhere, there is a widespread image of Africa as a continent in crisis, whose population seeks en masse to find a route to Europe. The example of Senegal, however, illustrates that African migration is far more complex a phenomenon.

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Immigrants in Senegal by country of origin in 1997

Felix Gerdes

Historical Trends in Immigration and Emigration

Historically, the African continent has had an extremely mobile population. This mobility has intensified since the end of the 19th century, due to colonial conquest and the colonial restructuring of the economy.

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Figure 1: Development of migrant remittances

Felix Gerdes

Political and Legal Developments

Matters of immigration have been of subordinate importance in Senegalese politics, and political interventions have generally taken place in the context of international agreements. Historically, and for primarily ideological reasons, immigration has been perceived as a positive affair.

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Figure 1: Migrants' personal reasons for migrating

Felix Gerdes

The Emigrant Population

There is a tendency for Senegalese migrants to remain in the destination country for long periods, even though a significant proportion of irregular migrants in industrial countries are deported within a short time. In general, however, Senegalese migrants plan their stays abroad as short-term experiences.

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Felix Gerdes

Citizenship and Irregular Migration

Senegal recognises four principles for the acquisition of citizenship: descent, a woman's marriage, residence and presidential decree. Naturalised Senegalese have to accept serious restrictions to their civil rights for the first ten years after acquiring citizenship.

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Felix Gerdes

Refuge and Asylum

Historically, Senegal was a comparatively stable country with little repression. Accordingly, refugee movements for political reasons have not played a significant role in the country's history of migration.

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Felix Gerdes

Current Developments and Future Challenges

Major challenges for Senegal are controlling the emigration flow, the increasing remittances to Senegal, the development of dangerous migration routes, and the relatively new challenge of nanaging immigration.

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Country Profile 10: Senegal

References and Further Reading

Here you can find references and further reading for Country Profile 10: "Senegal" by Felix Gerdes.

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Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

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