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Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Sweden

Sweden (bpb) Lizenz: cc by-nc-nd/2.0/de
Sweden is a country with a long tradition of immigration. Already in the 1960s, when, against the backdrop of an economic upswing, foreign labor was recruited, Sweden did not regard immigrants solely as "guest workers" who would eventually return to their countries of origin. Instead, the government assumed from the outset that immigrant workers would stay. Today, Sweden's integration policy is internationally regarded both as one of the most ambitious and successful. Nevertheless, the current high numbers of immigrants, especially of asylum seekers, lead to some serious challenges. There is a lack of affordable housing, both for newcomers and some segments of the Swedish-born population; unemployment among third-country nationals is high, and the xenophobic "Sweden Democrats" gain increasing influence in the political system.

PDF-Icon Country profile Sweden 2015
PDF-Icon Country profile Sweden 2009

   
Fußgängerzone in Malmö. Im europäischen Vergleich nimmt Schweden viele Flüchtlinge auf und bemüht sich aktiv um neue Arbeitsmigranten, ungeachtet ihrer Bildungsabschlüsse und Qualifikationen.

Bernd Parusel

Country Profile Sweden: Introduction

Sweden, the biggest country in Scandinavia with a population of just under ten million people, is today a multicultural society. In recent years, the immigration of people in need of protection, family members of migrants already resident in the country, as well as foreign workers and international students, has increased. In addition, European Union (EU) citizens, Norwegians and Icelanders are free to settle and work in Sweden. Weiter...

Einwanderinnen aus Galizien in Jahr 1910. In der Vergangenheit befürworteten Schwedens Regenten Einwanderung und betrachteten Abwanderung als Verlust.

Bernd Parusel

Historical Development of Migration to and from Sweden

Sweden is a country of immigration with a multicultural society. The country actively promotes the immigration of foreign labor. Instead of pursuing a "guest worker policy" as other European countries did, the Swedish government already in the 1960s assumed that labor migrants would stay, integrate and finally become Swedish citizens. Weiter...

Syrischer Flüchtling vor der Schwedischen Botschaft in Ankara. In den vergangenen Jahren war die Familienzusammenführung und -gründung der häufigste Einwanderungsgrund von Migranten aus Ländern, die nicht zum Nordischen Rat oder der EU gehören.

Bernd Parusel

Current Trends in Immigration to Sweden

Sweden's history of immigration dates back to times before the creation of the nation-state in its current boundaries. In more recent years, the immigration of family members of migrants already resident in Sweden dominated. In addition, the number of asylum seekers has risen significantly. Weiter...

Ein Vertreter der Schwedischen Migrationsbehörde (Migrationsverket) empfängt Flüchtlinge am Bahnhof in Malmö.  Das Migrationsverket verwaltet u.a. das System zur Aufnahme von Asylbewerbern inklusive der Zurverfügungstellung von Wohnraum und Tagegeldern.

Bernd Parusel

Sweden's Immigration Policy

Sweden is known for its comparatively open immigration policy. Although the xenophobic "Sweden Democrats" party has managed to strongly increase their presence in the political system since 2010, the government has – so far – maintained their openness towards immigration. Weiter...

Muslimischer Demonstrant auf der Stockholm Pride Parade 2014. Die aktuelle Integrationspolitik betont weniger den Multikulturalismus, sondern versucht kulturelle Unterschiede zurückzudrängen und nimmt den Zusammenhalt der Gesellschaft in den Blick.

Bernd Parusel

Swedish Integration Policy

Sweden has long since recognized the fact that immigrants often do not only temporarily stay in the country, but remain in Sweden permanently. Unlike many other countries that recruited so-called "guest workers" in the 1960s and 1970s, Sweden therefore fostered an active integration policy from the outset. Nevertheless, in recent years, high numbers of immigrants provoked some serious challenges. Weiter...

Verlegung der North-Stream-Pipeline in Gotland. Im Jahr 2008 traten neue Regeln für die Zuwanderung von Arbeitskräften aus Nicht-EU-Staaten in Kraft. Die wichtigste Besonderheit des neuen Systems ist, dass die Arbeitszuwanderung nunmehr fast ausschließlich von der Nachfrage der schwedischen Arbeitgeber abhängt.

Bernd Parusel

The Immigration of Workers and Circular Migration

Sweden pursues an open immigration policy and actively encourages the recruitment of foreign labor. In 2008, the system of hiring foreign labor was reformed. Additionally, Parliament agreed to facilitated circular migration in 2014. Weiter...

Einwanderin bei der Parlamentswahl in Schweden 2010. Seit 2001 gibt es in Schweden ein vergleichsweise liberales Staatsangehörigkeitsgesetz, das sowohl auf Elementen des Abstammungs- als auch des Territorialprinzips beruht.

Bernd Parusel

Citizenship Acquisition in Sweden

In comparison with many other countries, Sweden has a fairly liberal citizenship law. It offers immigrants the possibility to naturalize after only a few years of residence in Sweden. Weiter...

Flüchtlinge besteigen in Kiel die Fähre nach Schweden, 2015. Trotz seiner geografischen Randlage ist Schweden eines der Hauptzielländer von Schutzsuchenden in der Europäischen Union.

Bernd Parusel

Asylum and Refugees in Sweden

Sweden is among those European Union Member States which take in the highest number of asylum seekers. The significant increase in the number of asylum applications in recent years has, however, put the reception system under pressure. This is especially true with regard to the accommodation of asylum seekers and recognized refugees. Weiter...

Die schwedische Polizei räumt ein illegales Camp im Malmö. Das engmaschige Kontrollsystem des skandinavischen Wohlfahrtsstaats lässt wenig Raum für ein Leben in der Illegalität.

Bernd Parusel

Irregular Migration in Sweden

Sweden attracts many immigrants. Yet, not all of them have a valid residence permit. Especially rejected asylum seekers abscond to avoid forced return to their countries of origin. Swedish society and the Scandinavian welfare state, however, do not leave much room for irregular stays. Weiter...

Temporäre Erstaufnahmestelle für Flüchtlinge in einem Dorf in Dalarna/Mittelschweden. Die ausgesprochen hohen Zahlen von Asylsuchenden, die in den Jahren 2013, 2014 und im Laufe des Jahres 2015 in Schweden eingetroffen sind, haben zu Engpässen im Aufnahmesystem geführt.

Bernd Parusel

Immigration in Sweden: Future Challenges

In recent years, immigration to Sweden reached record levels. This has provoked challenges that have to be solved. Especially on the housing and labor market, immigrants compete with other population groups. In the political system, the xenophobic "Sweden Democrats" party has gained increasing influence. Nonetheless, the government has (so far) maintained its open immigration policy. Weiter...

Country Profile 18: Sweden

References

Here you can find a list of references for the Country Profile "Sweden" by Bernd Parusel. Weiter...