Meine Merkliste Geteilte Merkliste

Lithuania

Lithuania, the biggest of the three Baltic states, lies on the eastern border of the EU, to which it was admitted in 2004. Since regaining independence in 1990, Lithuania has been strongly affected by labour emigration. Additionally, the country has been trying since its entry into the EU to overcome the difficulties arising from its role as a destination, source and transit country for legal and irregular international migration. (Version from 1/2007)

Erscheinungsdatum:

Background Information

Lithuania, the biggest of the three Baltic States, borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and Poland and the Russian oblast Kaliningrad to the south. It therefore lies on the eastern border…

Benjamin Brake

/ 1 Minute zu lesen

History of Migration since the Second World War

Between 1940 and 1958, Lithuania experienced a loss in population due to deportations, acts of war and the Holocaust. During the post-war period ethnic Russians and population groups from other…

Benjamin Brake

/ 4 Minuten zu lesen

Resident Immigrant and Foreign Population

According to the latest census, in the year 2001 5.9% of the population of Lithuania was born outside the country and were therefore first generation immigrants.

Benjamin Brake

/ 4 Minuten zu lesen

Flight and Asylum

Only in recent years has Lithuania become a receiving country for refugees and asylum seekers. However, in comparison with Europe as a whole the number of asylum seekers is small.

Benjamin Brake

/ 3 Minuten zu lesen

Integration of Foreigners and Ethnic Minorities

Lithuania considers itself a multiethnic state; Lithuanian citizens can profess membership to different ethnic groups. The census asks both for citizenship and ethnic affiliation.

Benjamin Brake

/ 5 Minuten zu lesen

Irregular Migration

Since 1990, Lithuania has been a destination and transit country as well as a country of origin for irregular migration. Among the Baltic States, Lithuania is the country most affected by human…

Benjamin Brake

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Current Developments

Developments in the area of migration are currently aimed primarily at securing the border. Lithuania has not yet settled completely into its new role as a border country of the EU.

Benjamin Brake

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

References and Further Reading

Here you can find references and further reading for Country Profile 7: "Lithuania" by Benjamin Brake.

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen