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Refuge and Asylum

Japan Historical Development of Migration Current Development of Migration Migration Policy The Immigrant Population Citizenship Integration Refuge and Asylum Irregular Migration Developments / Challenges References and Further Reading

Refuge and Asylum

Gabriele Vogt

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As in the field of integration, in that of refuge and asylum too Japan is a "belated nation". Japan did not ratify the UN Convention on Human Rights until 1981 – thirty years after it had come into force.

Since that time the number of persons recognized as refugees in Japan amounts to no more than 598; 307 of these originate from Myanmar. In 2011 the Japanese Ministry of Justice dealt with over 2,999 applications (2,119 first applications and 880 appeals). Of these, 21 were recognized: in 248 further cases a residence permit was issued on humanitarian grounds. Thus in 2011 only 0.7% of applications for refugee status were granted. The year 2011 therefore represents a steady continuation of the preceding cautious trend in Japanese refugee policy.

Fussnoten

Fußnoten

  1. MOJ 2012b. On the refugees from Indochina in the 1970s see also "Historical Development of Migration" Footnote 14.

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Prof. Dr. Gabriele Vogt is professor for Japanese Studies at the Asia-Africa-Institute of the University of Hamburg. Her research focuses on socio-scientific research on Japan and covers not only international migration to Japan but also Japan’s demographic chance and topics of political participation.
E-Mail Link: gabriele.vogt@uni-hamburg.de