Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

9.10.2012 | Von:
Dr. Giorgia Di Muzio

Citizenship

The first law on citizenship was passed in 1912 (Act 555). It established the jus sanguinis principle whereby only descendants of Italians had the right to obtain Italian citizenship, and predominantly the male line of descent. Thus, Children automatically acquired their father's citizenship. Foreign women married to an Italian man were granted Italian citizenship whereas Italian women lost Italian citizenship in case of marriage with a foreign national if they acquired the citizenship of their husband.

Since 1992 citizenship and naturalisation have been regulated by law 91 which abolished the gender differences of the previous law with regard to acquiring Italian citizenship. It is, however, still based on the concept of jus sanguinis: the law eased access to citizenship for descendants of Italian emigrants but did not grant the same right to Italy's immigrant population.

Acquisition of Italian citizenship and percentage of total foreign population 2005-20140 (bpb) Lizenz: cc by-nc-nd/3.0/de/
Acquisition of citizenship according to the jus soli principle is limited to children whose parents are either unknown or stateless or if children are not automatically granted citizenship by their parents' country of origin. The law further admits requests for naturalisation from non-EU citizens legally resident in Italy for at least ten years (four years for EU citizens). Furthermore, citizenship can be obtained through marriage to an Italian citizen after the foreign spouse has been legally resident on Italian territory for two years following the marriage (for three years if he/she is resident abroad). Second generation immigrants, born in Italy of parents with foreign citizenship may apply for Italian citizenship during a period of twelve months following their 18th birthday if they have lived continuously in Italy until adulthood. This law also allows for dual citizenship.

Against the background of a growing immigrant population, the number of foreign citizens acquiring Italian citizenship continuously increased in the past years. Between 2005 and 2010 more than 288,000 people were naturalized. In 2010, 1.6% of the immigrant population became Italian citizens (cf. Figure 2).


Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

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