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France

Dossier

The immigration situation in France has been strongly influenced to the present day by the legacy of colonialism of earlier centuries as well as the long tradition of recruiting foreign workers. Overall, there has been a steady increase in immigration over the last century, and this has had a strong impact on the nature of French society. (Version from 4/2012)

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Background Information

The immigration situation in France has been strongly influenced to the present day by the legacy of colonialism of earlier centuries as well as the long tradition of recruiting foreign workers.…

Marcus Engler

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Historical Development of Immigration and Immigration Policy

France has a long history of immigration. Immigrants were brought in as early as the 18th and 19th century because the process of industrialization in conjunction with the fall in the birth rate had…

Marcus Engler

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Current Migration Trends

Despite its restrictive immigration policy, immigration to France has risen constantly in recent years. This can be seen in the allocation of residence permits to third country nationals. In 2006 and…

Marcus Engler

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The Immigrant Population

In French statistics, immigrants ("immigrés") and foreigners ("étrangers") are recorded separately. Immigrants are defined as people who were born abroad as foreign citizens, and they continue to be…

Marcus Engler

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Irregular Immigration

According to estimations, some 200,000 to 400,000 people without legal residence status – sans-papiers – are present on French territory. The number of irregular migrants in the French overseas…

Marcus Engler

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Refuge and Asylum

At the end of the 1980s, the number of applications for asylum in France rose significantly (1982: 22,500; 1989: 61,400). This can be explained in part by the fact that immigrants resorted…

Marcus Engler

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Citizenship

The Citizenship Law of 1889 established a territorial principle for citizenship ("jus soli") which is still considered valid. Accordingly, children who were born in France to foreign parents…

Marcus Engler

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Current Developments

Since a conservative government under Jean-Pierre Raffarin (UMP) took over in 2002, a trend towards a more restrictive immigration policy has become apparent. In the following a few important aspects…

Marcus Engler

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Future Challenges

The presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy, who was voted to become the Head of State in 2007, clearly led to more restrictive French migration policy. The closing of camps of mainly Afghan irregular migrants…

Marcus Engler

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Literature and Further Reading

Here you can find Literature and further reading for Country Profile 2: "France" by Marcus Engler.

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