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China

Dossier

The population of the People’s Republic of China, founded in 1949, is characterized by ethnic and cultural heterogeneity. In addition to the Han nationality, there are 55 other ethnic groups, the so-called recognized national minorities. The People’s Republic is not a country of immigration: foreign nationals constitute only 0.05 percent of the total population. So far there are no internationally comparable instruments for the management of migration and integration of immigrants. Chinese leaders see their task in integration policy rather as facing the political, economic and socio-cultural challenges that have resulted from the historical multinational nature of China.

Erscheinungsdatum:

Introduction

The population of the People’s Republic of China is characterized by ethnic and cultural heterogeneity. Although around 90 percent of the Chinese population is Han-Chinese, they should not be…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

The Historical Development of Migration

In the past, China has experienced both emigration and immigration. In the 19th and 20th century many foreigners moved to metropolises like Shanghai while many Chinese nationals emigrated due to war…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 4 Minuten zu lesen

Current Migration Development

Since the year 2000 the foreign population in China has grown by 35 per cent, but in comparison to the total population of China the number of foreigners ist still small. Furthermore, the number of…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Migration Policies

In the People's Republic of China the entry and exit conditions for foreigners are heavily regulated. Only a small number of foreigners live in China permanently. Since 2004 foreigners may apply for a…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 7 Minuten zu lesen

The Immigrant Population

The largest group of foreign migrants in China are from Asia, especially Korea. But there are considerable groups of migrants from North America, Europe, India and Australia. Most foreigners live in…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Citizenship

The Chinese citizenship law is based on the principle of jus sanguinis and does not permit dual citizenship. Naturalization of non-ethnic Chinese foreigners is possible only under specific conditions…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Integration

Chinese integration politics focuses primarily on the integration of internal migrants and national minorities as well as the integration of Overseas Chinese who wish to resettle in China.…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Refuge and Asylum

China has ratified the Geneva Convention on Refugees, however there is no asylum law and there are no corresponding state institutions. The majority of asylum seekers and refugees are ethnic Chinese…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Irregular Migration

Irregular migration in China is increasing. Some of these migrants are traders from Africa or women entering the country in order to get married. Other migrants come from neighboring countries to work…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 3 Minuten zu lesen

Current Developments and Future Challenges

Despite an increase of immigration to china, the net population change is negative. The numbers of emigrants are still surpassing those immigrating and demographic change is bound to diminish the…

Lan Diao, Maren Opitz

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

References

Here you can find references and further reading for Country Profile 29: "China" by Lan Diao and Maren Opitz .

/ 6 Minuten zu lesen