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European Union

Cooperation in matters of immigration and asylum is one of the most recently addressed aspects of European integration. Its significance has expanded rapidly since the matter was first introduced at the end of the 1980s, and today it is without doubt one of the core areas of the European integration project. Member states' claims to sovereignty are nevertheless ever-present, not least due to the sensitive nature of immigration policy matters internally and their relevance to national sovereignty and national identity. The significant expansion of European powers and responsibilities has, therefore, led as yet only to isolated common policies, and these matters are generally handled intergovernmentally. Any cooperation is concentrated on areas in which the member states are pursuing common interests. This concern, above all, improved state control over migration, cooperation between border police and strengthened the fight against irregular immigration and asylum abuse. (Version from 3/2009)

Erscheinungsdatum:

Background Information

Whereas the right of EU citizens to move and reside freely within the territory of member states is one of the fundamental freedoms of the European Single Market, and was already provided for in the…

Sandra Lavenex

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Historical Development of Migration

Historically, experiences with international migration have differed from country to country within the European Union, and continue to do so. This diversity in the nature of the problems associated…

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The Many Faces of Migration

The present immigration situation among EU member states is highly heterogeneous. This is apparent at first glance in the different migration figures, specifically the balance between those moving…

Sandra Lavenex

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Institutional Basis of European Migration Policy

European cooperation on matters of asylum and migration policy has been communitised step-by-step. Until the end of the 1990s, intergovernmental decision-making procedures predominated, and this…

Sandra Lavenex

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Immigration Policy

Although the Treaty of Lisbon, also to be known as the Reform Treaty, should it ever enter into force, contains the aim of a "common immigration policy" (Article 17 Treaty of Lisbon), to date the EU…

Sandra Lavenex

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Integration Policy

At the European level, the search for the most suitable concepts and measures for integrating immigrants into the receiving societies only began at the end of the 1990s. In any case, where integration…

Sandra Lavenex

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Irregular Migration

In light of increasingly selective immigration regulations since the 1970s and ever more restrictions with regard to asylum, there has been a strong increase in irregular migration across Europe.…

Sandra Lavenex

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Refuge and Asylum

Whereas migration balances for EU member countries have grown continuously since the 1990s, the number of asylum-seekers has declined sharply since 1993. This is attributable not so much to a…

Sandra Lavenex

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European Union Citizenship

The Maastricht Treaty introduced EU citizenship, which refers to the rights and obligations of citizens of member states that result from their right to free movement within EU territory. Every person…

Sandra Lavenex

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Future Challenges

In the fifteen years of its formal existence, European asylum and migration policy has developed dynamically and is today one of the European Union's priorities. Central to the argument in this…

Sandra Lavenex

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Literature and Further Reading

Here you can find a list of references as well as further reading for the Country Profile "European Union" by Sandra Lavenex.

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