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Russian Federation

International migration in Russia is composed of the inflow of immigrants from other countries of the former Soviet Union and an outflow of emigrants into economically more developed countries. In the country profile on Russia, Dr. Maria Nozhenko gives an overview over the history of Russian migration policy and features Russian particularities, as for instance the repatriation of ethnic Russians and the "ghost towns" emerging in the process of economic transition, or the lack of integration policy, despite significant immigration (version from July 2010).

Erscheinungsdatum:

Background Information

The Russian Federation (Russia) is the largest state in the world in terms of territory, occupying more than 11% of the land surface of the Earth, and is located in Eurasia.

Maria Nozhenko

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Historical and recent trends in migration

Major migration trends in Russia have deep historical roots. Population movement during the time of the Tsars and Soviet Period provided the preconditions for the post-Soviet migration. The majority…

Maria Nozhenko

/ 12 Minuten zu lesen

Migration policy

The basis for Russia´s current migration policy was laid in the early 1990s. Legislative acts in Russia can be differentiated into "concepts" and "laws". Concepts state the general principles of…

Maria Nozhenko

/ 6 Minuten zu lesen

Integration policy and measures against xenophobia

Despite its significant immigrant population, Russia lacks a coherent integration policy. One reason for this is that the majority of immigrants come from the FSU countries. They usually know the…

Maria Nozhenko

/ 3 Minuten zu lesen

Irregular migration

According to a World Bank report, the number of foreigners living irregularly in Russia in 2000 was between 1.3 and 1.5 million. In some experts´ opinion, this number was about 3.7 million in 2008.…

Maria Nozhenko

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Refuge and asylum

The first major influx of refugees into modern Russia took place in the period 1988 to 1989 as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenians and Azerbaijanians. Other ethnic conflicts…

Maria Nozhenko

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Citizenship

The first Law on Citizenship was adopted in November 1991. According to this law, persons who were permanent residents of the Russian Federation before the law came into force in February 1992 were…

Maria Nozhenko

/ 1 Minute zu lesen

Future Challenges

The main challenge for current Russian migration policy is the global economic crisis. The slowdown in economic growth leads to a substantial quota reduction for labour migrants. This reduction was…

Maria Nozhenko

/ 1 Minute zu lesen

References

Here you can find a list of references for the Country profile "Russian Federation" by Maria Nozhenko.

Maria Nozhenko

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen