Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

10.9.2012 | Von:
Nicholas Parrott

Citizenship

All persons born in the U.S. are automatically granted U.S. citizenship. People who are not U.S. citizens by birth may obtain U.S. citizenship through the process of naturalization, which requires the fulfillment of a series of criteria codified in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). The process can take anywhere from six months to two years. A legal immigrant who wishes to naturalize must be over 18 years old, must have lived in the U.S. for at least five years (three years if married to a U.S. citizen) and have no criminal record. Additionally, candidates must demonstrate English language proficiency and knowledge of U.S. history and government by passing a naturalization test.

Persons naturalized: Fiscal years 1907 to 2011Persons naturalized: Fiscal years 1907 to 2011 Lizenz: cc by-nc-nd/2.0/de (bpb)
Historically, less than half of all immigrants to the U.S. have become citizens. While the total foreign-born population has increased in the course of the last four decades, the proportion of naturalized foreign born has declined from 63.6% in 1970 to 43% in 2008. In general, persons who arrived in the United States in earlier decades are more likely to naturalize or to have naturalized than those arriving more recently. Furthermore, the proportion of naturalizations is higher among individuals who possess a bachelor's degree than among those who lack a high school diploma.[1]

In 2011, a total of 694,193 persons obtained U.S. citizenship; the top five countries of birth of these new citizens were Mexico (94,783), India (45,985), the Philippines (42,520), China (32,864) and Colombia (22,694). The largest number of people who were naturalized in 2011 lived in the states of California (151,183), Florida (87,309), and New York (76,603).[2]

Fußnoten

1.
See Kandel (2011).
2.
See Lee (2012).

Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

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