30 Jahre Mauerfall Mehr erfahren
Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Australia

With almost half of its total resident population either born in a foreign country or the child of such a person, Australia is one of the world's quintessential immigration countries. Moreover, in mid-2008 there were also over 800.000 people in Australia on a temporary basis and a million Australians living overseas on a permanent or long-term basis. A majority of its resident population perceives migration as having a positive economic and social impact. In his overview over history and present of Australian immigration policies, Graeme Hugo explains how policies aim at maintaining positive impacts (version from September 2010).

Australia

Graeme Hugo

Background Information

With almost half of its total resident population either born in a foreign country or the child of such a person, Australia is one of the world´s quintessential immigration countries.

Mehr lesen

Permanent program outcomes and temporary entry visa grants

Graeme Hugo

Permanent Migration Program

Contemporary migration is planned in yearly migration programs. The main elements in Australia´s current migration program are shown in here. There is an important distinction between the permanent and temporary migration programs, although one third of permanent settlers in 2007-08 were made up of persons granted permanent status after entering Australia on a temporary visa.

Mehr lesen

Graeme Hugo

Temporary Migration

Australia has long had an emphasis on attracting permanent settlers to the country and a strongly expressed opposition to attracting temporary and contract workers. During the labour shortage years of the 1950s and 1960s Australia´s migration solution to the problem contrasted sharply with that of European nations like Germany and France, when it opted to concentrate on attracting permanent migrants to meet worker shortages rather than contract workers.

Mehr lesen

Unauthorised Arrivals

Graeme Hugo

Irregular Migration

Australia does not share any land borders with other countries; its isolated island geography has been a major factor in the low levels of irregular migration that it experiences. The Figure shows the numbers of unauthorised arrivals in Australia over recent years. In recent years most of the boat arrivals have come from Iraq, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka.

Mehr lesen

Permanent Departures of Residents

Graeme Hugo

Emigration

While Australia is perceived as a quintessential "immigration country", it also experiences significant emigration. Moreover, Australia is one of the few countries that collect detailed and comprehensive information on people leaving the country as well as those entering. The Figure shows that there has been a substantial upturn in permanent movement of Australian residents out of the country.

Mehr lesen

Settler Arrivals by Region of Last Residencs

Graeme Hugo

An Increasingly Diverse Population

Without post-war migration, Australia´s current population would be 12 million rather than the actual figure of 22 million, but the impact of migration on the Australian population has been greater than a numerical one. A half-century ago Australia´s population was overwhelmingly of Anglo-Celtic origin, but post-war migration has transformed it into one of the most multicultural of societies.

Mehr lesen

Graeme Hugo

Conclusion

Australian post-war immigration has had a profound impact on the national economy, society and demography. Moreover, this massive change has been with little conflict and must be judged as highly successful. One of the intrinsic features of post-war migration has been its dynamic nature with levels, types, composition and countries of origin of migration shifting readily in response to forces both within and outside of Australia.

Mehr lesen

Country Profile 21: Australia

References

Here you can find a list of references for the Country profile "Australia" by Graeme Hugo.

Mehr lesen

Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

Mehr lesen