Meine Merkliste

Brazil

Dossier

Brazil, the fifth biggest country in the world in terms of area and population, is primarily known in Europe as an attractive holiday destination and former immigration country. Between the first Portuguese settlement in the 16th century and the Second World War, more than four million people migrated to the country, most of them Europeans. In the 1980s the situation reversed. An estimated three million Brazilians have left their country to date; initially their primary destination was the USA, but increasingly they also aim for Europe and Japan.
Due to the stabilised economic situation of the past decade, Brazil has now become a rewarding destination for migrant workers and refugees. Much of this immigration takes the form of irregular immigration.
From the mid 1990s, Brazil's extreme socio-structural division initially slowed down, but since then has picked up pace again. For this reason, many well-educated young Brazilians can see no professional opportunities in their homeland in the immediate future and are leaving the country for the USA, Japan and Europe. (Version from 11/2008)

Erscheinungsdatum:

Background information

Brazil, the fifth biggest country in the world in terms of area and population, is primarily known in Europe as an attractive holiday destination and former immigration country. Between the first…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Historical development

Brazil is characterised by centuries of immigration from all parts of the world: the systematic settlement of European invaders, in particular the Portuguese, but also Spaniards, the Dutch, the…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 5 Minuten zu lesen

Political and legal development

The Brazilian government does not pursue an active immigration policy; although entry into Brazil is made easier for the highly qualified once they have been assessed by the National Immigration…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 4 Minuten zu lesen

Foreign population and current immigration

Comparison of data from the population censuses since 1940 shows a drop in the percentage of foreign population from 3.42% (1940) to 0.52% (1991). Until the end of the 1960s, the reduction in the…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

Ethnic origin and multiculturalism

Brazil is known for the fact that its population consists of people of all colours. As a result of centuries of international immigration, cities in particular, such as São Paulo, have developed into…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 3 Minuten zu lesen

Citizenship

Brazilian citizenship is regulated by the 1988 constitution (Article 12). It is obtained through birth on Brazilian soil (ius soli) regardless of the parents' citizenship. A person also, however,…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 1 Minute zu lesen

Emigration

Since the 1990s emigration has been one of the most important social phenomena in Brazil – as it has throughout Latin America. Streams of emigrants took their leave of Brazil as a result of the…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 6 Minuten zu lesen

Irregular migration

Since opportunities for entering the USA were tightened up in the 1990s, many Brazilians try to enter the country illegally. Initially they travel to Mexico as tourists and then cross the border into…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 4 Minuten zu lesen

Refugeeism and asylum

According to the "National Committee for Refugees" (Comitê Nacional para os Refugiados, CONARE), in March 2008 there were 3,857 refugees living in Brazil. They originate from nearly 70 countries,…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 3 Minuten zu lesen

Conclusion and future challenges

For Brazil it is particularly painful that the best educated leave the country. The fact that it is the two biggest national economies, the USA and Japan, that profit most from the brain drain from…

Sabina Stelzig

/ 2 Minuten zu lesen

References and Further Reading

Here you can find a list of references as well as further reading for the Country Profile "Brazil" by Sabina Stelzig.

/ 3 Minuten zu lesen