In the 1980s the situation reversed. An estimated three million Brazilians have left their country to date; initially their primary destination was the USA, but increasingly they also aim for Europe and Japan.
Due to the stabilised economic situation
Area: 8,511,965 km2
Population (2007): 185,998,215 (Brazilian Institute for Statistics IGBE)
Population density: 23 inhabitants per km2
Population growth (2006): 1.2 % (IGBE 2006)
Labour force participation (8/2008): 57 % (IBGE)
Foreign Population (2008): 0.7% (estimation, see text)
Unemployment rate: 7.6 % (8/2008), 9.5 % (8/2007), 10.6 % (8/2006) (IBGE)
Religions: Roman Catholic (73.6 %), protestant (15.4 %), spiritualist (1.3 %), Umbanda and Candomblé (0.3 %), other (1.8 %), unspecified (0.2 %), none (7.4 %) (2000 census)
Although Brazil is the world´s ninth biggest national economy, the country is marked by greater social inequality than almost any other country in the world: in 2005 the richest 10% of the population earned 48% of the national income while more than 40 million Brazilians had less than two dollars a day on which to live.