30 Jahre Mauerfall Mehr erfahren
Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Poland

The history of migration in Poland is characterised largely by emigration. Because of its geographic location between Eastern and Western Europe, Poland frequently serves as a transit country for migrants. In addition to this, it is developing into a destination country, primarily for migrants from neighbouring countries (Ukraine, Belarus, Russia) on its eastern border, and from other parts of the former Soviet Union. (Version from 1/2008)

Poland

Stefan Alscher

Background Information

The history of migration in Poland is characterised largely by emigration. Until the end of the 20th century, emigration took place both in large waves and in continual yearly movements.

Mehr lesen

Figure 1: Major destinations of emigrants in 2006

Stefan Alscher

The Emigration/Immigration Balance

If we look simply at the "numbers", emigration clearly outweighs immigration. However, the multicultural nature of some districts of Warsaw and other major cities indicates that immigration is on the rise.

Mehr lesen

Stefan Alscher

Political and Legal Developments

Until the mid-1990s, there was no clear legal framework for dealing with migration and immigrants. Since 1997, the Polish Aliens Act, along with further reforms in 2001 and 2003, aims to regulate the entry and residency requirements for foreigners.

Mehr lesen

Stefan Alscher

The Immigrant Population

It is extremely difficult to quantify Poland's foreign population as there is hardly any official data. In 2002 the most widely represented nationalities were Ukrainians, Russians, Germans, Belarusians, and Vietnamese.

Mehr lesen

Stefan Alscher

Integration Policy

Aside from ethnic Polish repatriates Poland's integration policy applies only to refugees and, since 2007, to foreigners who hold statutory temporary suspensions of deportation.

Mehr lesen

Stefan Alscher

Citizenship

Polish citizenship is acquired at birth if at least one of the parents already possesses citizenship. Naturalisation is possible after a minimum of five years of legal residency in Poland. Although it is not stipulated in national law, multiple citizenships are tolerated in practice.

Mehr lesen

Seizures of persons entering illegally at Poland´s eastern border (excluding Lithuania) by border sections

Stefan Alscher

Irregular Migration

Since the 1990s, Poland has developed into a transit country for irregular migration from east to west. The destination country of those departing or transiting illegally was most often Germany.

Mehr lesen

Stefan Alscher

Current Developments and Future Challenges

The main topics in the discussion on migration are the emigration of professionals in certain fields (brain drain) and the relations with Poland's neighbouring countries to the east.

Mehr lesen

Country Profile 3: Poland

References

Here you can find references and further reading for Country Profile 3: "Poland" by Stefan Alscher.

Mehr lesen

Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

Mehr lesen