Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Northern Europe

Northern EuropeNorthern Europe (PDF-Icon Download map) Lizenz: cc by-nc-nd/3.0/de/

The history of the Northern Europe region is marked by migration. People moved across borders and sometimes borders across people. Today, some Northern European countries attract large numbers of immigrants, while other countries experience extensive emigration.

Grenzkontrolle zwischen Deutschland und Dänemark im Februar 2016. Im Vordergrund wehen die Flaggen von Dänemark, Schweden, Norwegen, Finnland und Island.

Karin Borevi

Scandinavian responses to immigration

How have Denmark, Norway and Sweden approached international immigration in the post-war period? What similarities and differences can we see across the countries and how can they be explained? What developments and changes are currently under way? A brief overview.

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Grenzübergang für Fußgänger in Narva an der Grenze zu Russland. Die meisten im Ausland geborenen Einwohner/-innen Estlands kommen aus Russland und anderen Staaten der ehemaligen Sowjetunion.

Mari-Liis Jakobson

Immigration to and Emigration from Estonia

In its history, Estonia has been part of various empires before (re)gaining independence. People have moved across borders – and sometimes borders have moved across them. The legacies of the past still shape the immigrant population as well as the diaspora.

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Protest gegen die Aufnahme von Geflüchteten in Riga 2015. Negative Einstellungen gegenüber Einwanderung sind in Lettland weit verbreitet.

Inta Mierina

Latvia – Immigration, Emigration, Diaspora

Throughout its history, Latvia has experienced both periods of immigration and emigration. The latter has dominated in recent years. At the same time, negative attitudes towards immigration are widespread in the population.

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Further articles on migration in Northern Europe

Ireland

Country Profile 19

Ireland

Traditionally Ireland has been a country marked by a declining population and high rates of emigration. Within the last two decades this situation has reversed dramatically. Immigration has increased significantly in the context of rapid economic growth.

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Lithuania

Country Profile 7

Lithuania

Lithuania, the biggest of the three Baltic states, lies on the eastern border of the EU, to which it was admitted in 2004. Since regaining independence in 1990, Lithuania has been strongly affected by labour emigration. Additionally, the country has been trying since its entry into the EU to overcome the difficulties arising from its role as a destination, source and transit country for legal and irregular international migration.

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Sweden

Country Profile 18

Sweden

Sweden is a country with a long tradition of immigration. Already in the 1960s, when, against the backdrop of an economic upswing, foreign labor was recruited, Sweden did not regard immigrants solely as "guest workers" who would eventually return to their countries of origin. Instead, the government assumed from the outset that immigrant workers would stay.

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United Kingdom

Country Profile 12

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom became a country of immigration after the Second World War. Currently, the large number of immigrants leads to much controversy. For the first time in the country’s history, Migration from other European Union Member States lies at the core of these discussions. The winner of widespread anti-immigrant sentiments in the population is the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP). Its current popularity suggests that the immigration issue could realign the country’s party system.

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Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

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