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References and Further Reading | Albania |

Albania Background Information Historical Developments Key Stages Characteristics of Current Migration Flows Irregular Emigration Refugees and Asylum Seekers Immigration since 1990 Irregular Immigrants Refugees and Asylum Seekers Development of Migration-Related Policies Citizenship Current Developments Future Challenges References and Further Reading

References and Further Reading

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Barjaba, K. (2000), Contemporary Patterns in Albanian Emigration, South-East Europe Review, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 57–64.

Barjaba, K./King, R. (2005), 'Introducing and Theorising Albanian Migration', in R. King, N. Mai, S. Schwandner-Sievers (eds.), The New Albanian Migration, Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, pp. 1–28.

Bartl, Peter (2011), 'Albanian Settlers in Italy Since the Early Modern Period', in K.J. Bade, P.C. Emmer, L. Lucassen, J. Oltmer (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Migration and Minorities in Europe. From the 17th Century to the Present, Cambridge (i.a.): Cambridge University Press.

Crépeau, F. (2012), Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants: Mission to Albania, Addendum (5–13 December 2011), New York: UN General Assembly. Dedja, S. (2012a), The Working of EU Conditionality in the Area of Migration Policy: The Case of Readmission of Irregular Migrants to Albania, East European Politics and Societies, Vol. 26, No. 11, pp. 115–134.

Dedja, S. (2012b), Human Rights in the EU Return Policy: The Case of the EU-Albania Relations, European Journal of Migration and Law, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 95–114.

ESI (2013), Saving Visa-Free Travel: Visa, Asylum and the EU Roadmap Policy, Berlin and Brussels: European Stability Initiative.

Gedeshi, I./Mara, H./Dhimitri, R./Krisafi, K. (1999), Emigrimi i elitës intelektuale nga Shqipëria gjatë periudhës së tranzicionit [Migration of the intellectual elite during the transition period], Tirana: Luarasi.

Geiger, M. (2007), Migration Management in Albania. Mapping and Evaluating Outside Intervention, Migration Letters, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 119–133.

GoA (2005), National Strategy on Migration, Tirana: Government of Albania and IOM. GoA (2010), Migration Profile 2010, Tirana: Government of Albania.

INSTAT (2010), Rezultate paraprake nga Anketa e Forcave të Punës 2010 [Preliminary results from the Labor Force Survey 2010], Tirana: INSTAT.

INSTAT (2011), Population and Housing Census in Albania 2011: Preliminary Results, Tirana: INSTAT.

INSTAT (2012), Population and Housing Census in Albania 2011: Main Results, Tirana: INSTAT.

IOM (2008), Migration in Albania 2008: A Country Profile, Geneva: IOM.

Jarvis, C. (2000), The Rise and Fall of Albania's Pyramid Schemes, Finance and Development, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 1–29.

King, R. (2003), Across the Sea and over the Mountains: Documenting Albanian Migration, Scottish Geographical Journal, Vol. 119, No. 3, pp. 283–309.

King, R./Vullnetari, J. (2003), Migration and Development in Albania, Brighton: University of Sussex, Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty, Working Paper C5.

King, R./Uruçi, E./ Vullnetari, J. (2011), Albanian Migration and its Effects in Comparative Perspective, Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 13, No.3, pp. 269–286.

Krasniqi, G. (2012), Citizenship in an Emigrant Nation-State: The Case of Albania. CITSEE (The Europeanisation of Citizenship in the Successor States of the Former Yugoslavia) Working Paper 13, Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh, School of Law, available at SSRN: Externer Link: or Externer Link:

Kuvendi Popullor i RSH (1993), Law No. 7692, date 3-31-1993, Official Journal: Year 1993, No. 3; p. 161, date of publication: 4-15-1993.

'Amendment to Law No. 7491, date 4-29-1991 regarding 'Major Constitutional Provisions'' [in Albanian].

Kuvendi i RSH (1998), Law No. 8417, date 10-21-1998, Official Journal: Year 1998, No. 28, p. 1073; date of publication: 12-7-1998.

'Constitution of the Republic of Albania' [in Albanian].

Maroukis, T./Gemi, E. (2010), Circular Migration between Albania and Greece, prepared for the EU-funded METOIKOS project, Florence: European University Institute.

NID (2010), The Activity of NID during 1996–2010, Tirana: National Institute of Diaspora, Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Olsen, N. (2000), Albania, Oxford: Oxfam Country Profile.

Peshkopia, R. (2005), Albania: Europe's Reluctant Gatekeeper, Forced Migration Review, No. 23, pp. 35–36.

Tirta, M. (1999), Migrime të shqiptarëve, të brendshme dhe jashtë atdheut: Vitet '40 të shek.XIX-vitet '40 të shek.XX [Internal and international migration of Albanians: 1840s–1940s], Etnografia Shqiptare, No. 18.

UNHCR (2005), UNHCR Statistical Yearbook: Albania 2005, available at: Externer Link: (accessed: 1-30-2013)

Vathi, Z. (2011), The Children of Albanian Migrants in Europe: Ethnic Identity, Transnationalties and Pathways of Integration, Brighton: University of Sussex, DPhil thesis in Migration Studies.

Vullnetari, J. (2012), Albania on the Move: Links between Internal and International Migration, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

World Bank (2012), World Bank Metadata: Refugee Population by Country or Territory of Asylum: Albania, available at: Externer Link: (accessed: 30-1-2013)

World Bank (2011), Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011, Washington DC: World Bank.

Online resources

The Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities (MoLSAEO)
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The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA)
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The Ministry of Interior (MoI)
Externer Link: Externer Link:

The Albanian National Institute of Statistics (INSTAT)
Externer Link:

The Office of the President of Albania
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Brain Gain Program
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EUDO Observatory on Citizenship
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World Bank Open Knowledge Repository, Open Data Bank
Externer Link: and Externer Link:

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US Census Bureau
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Statistics Canada
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