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Background Information | Albania |

Albania Background Information Historical Developments Key Stages Characteristics of Current Migration Flows Irregular Emigration Refugees and Asylum Seekers Immigration since 1990 Irregular Immigrants Refugees and Asylum Seekers Development of Migration-Related Policies Citizenship Current Developments Future Challenges References and Further Reading

Background Information

Julie Vullnetari

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Albania (bpb) Lizenz: cc by-nc-nd/3.0/de/

Contemporary Albanian migration is considered to be unique by virtue of its intensity over a short period of time. By 2010 nearly half of Albania's resident population had emigrated and was living abroad, while many others had moved internally. Starting from a kind of 'tabula rasa' in the 1990s after nearly half a century of communist rule during which emigration was banned, contemporary flows have been intensive. In more recent years some immigration and transit migration has taken place, but the numbers are insignificant and confirm that Albania will remain a country of emigration for some years to come.

Background InformationAlbania

Capital: Tirana
Official language: Albanian
Area: 28,748 km²
Population (2011 census): 2,821,977
Population density (2011 census): 97 inhabitants per km²
Population growth (2012 est.): 0.28%
Foreign citizens as percentage of total population (2010): 2.8%
Labor force participation rate (2010): 62.2%
Unemployment rate (2010): 14.2% (22.5% amongst the 19-29 years old)
Religions (2011 census): 58.79% Muslims (including 2.09% Bektashis), 16.99% Christians (10.03% Catholics, 6.75% Orthodox, 0.14% Protestants and 0.07% other), 2.50% atheists, 5.51 other.


  1. CIA The World Factbook, updated 29 January 2013, retrieved 31 January 2013 from Externer Link:

  2. World Bank (2011), p. 54.

  3. INSTAT (2010), p. 1.

  4. INSTAT (2010), p. 5.

  5. With a non-response rate of 13.79%. Data for questions on religion (and cultural-ethic affiliation) are self-declared and voluntary. The results have been strongly contested and in some cases not recognized by some religious communities and non-ethnic Albanian groups.

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Julie Vullnetari is post-doctoral researcher at the Sussex Centre for Migration Research, School of Global Studies of the University of Sussex in the UK. Email: E-Mail Link: