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Irregular Emigration | Albania |

Albania Background Information Historical Developments Key Stages Characteristics of Current Migration Flows Irregular Emigration Refugees and Asylum Seekers Immigration since 1990 Irregular Immigrants Refugees and Asylum Seekers Development of Migration-Related Policies Citizenship Current Developments Future Challenges References and Further Reading

Irregular Emigration

Julie Vullnetari

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Albanian migration was overwhelmingly irregular throughout the 1990s. Although flows stabilized during the 2000s, some irregular migration continued as legal migration channels remained limited while at the same time socio-economic inequalities in Albania increased.

The implementation of Readmission Agreements (RAs) and the strict border controls carried out by the Albanian border police, have resulted in continued repatriation of irregular migrants, especially from Greece. Tables 3 and 4 present numbers of Albanians forcibly returned from the EU during 2006-10, and the top five countries of return for 2009-10, respectively. As Table 4 shows, the overwhelming majority of them are returned from Greece. Most of returnees are male – nearly 96 percent in 2010.

Table 3: Number of persons returned to Albania from EU countries by year

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Number 61,88473,67966,00965,48452,917

Source: MoI in Dedja (2012b: 102)

Table 4: Top host countries of forced Albanian returnees, 2009-10

Country/Year 2009 % 2010 %
Greece 62,6399350,73593
Italy 1,44421,1502
Macedonia 1,23421,0042
UK 5240.83400.6
Switzerland 3470.52290.4
Germany 2230.31850.4
France 2220.31530.3
Other 9380.17921.5
Total 67,571 100 54,588 100

Source: MoI data in GoA (2010: 83-84)

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Julie Vullnetari is post-doctoral researcher at the Sussex Centre for Migration Research, School of Global Studies of the University of Sussex in the UK. Email: E-Mail Link: