Dsa Bild zeigt ein Hinweisschild an einem abgesperrten Düsseldorfer Spielplatz mit der Aufschrift "gesund bleiben". Wegen der Verbreitung des Corona-Virus sind Bürgerinnen und Bürger bis auf weiteres aufgefordert Sozialkontakte zu meiden.

9.7.2020

Die Corona-Krise und ihre Folgen

Ausgewählte Links aus der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau

Links vom 14.06.2020

"Foreign Policy By Example"

Der außenpolitische Einfluss der USA wird Richard Haass zufolge derzeit von drei Krisen geprägt. "The United States is currently experiencing three upheavals simultaneously: the COVID-19 pandemic, the economic aftershocks of that emergency, and the political protests and in some cases violence sparked by the videotape of the killing of George Floyd, a 46-year-old African American man, by police officers in Minneapolis. The three crises of this moment will undoubtedly affect the foreign policy of the United States, which for three-quarters of a century has been the preeminent power in the world. Indeed, recent developments could have a profound and enduring impact on American influence. Unless the United States is able to come together to address its persistent societal and political divides, global prospects for democracy may weaken, friends and allies of the United States may rethink their decision to place their security in American hands, and competitors may dispense with some or all of their traditional caution." (Foreign Affairs vom 05.06.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/owa

"Why U.S. global leadership rests on how it manages anti-racism upheavals"

Frederick Kempe sieht einen Zusammenhang zwischen der Reaktion der US-Politik auf die aktuelle Protestbewegung in amerikanischen Städten und der globalen Führungsrolle der USA. "That is because in a world where most countries share the global challenge of COVID-19 and recession, the nature of this racial drama is singular to the United States as 'the only modern nation that had slavery in its midst from the very beginning,' writes Harvard sociologist Orlando Patterson in this weekend’s Wall Street Journal. It’s also due to the timing of these upheavals, coming in such a divisive electoral year and at a moment of escalating major power competition with China. That has left many in the world viewing this period as a litmus test of the United States’ rare set of founding principles that enshrine the notion that all human beings are created equal and endowed by God with inalienable rights." (Atlantic Council vom 07.06.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/owb

"Restraint: A post-COVID-19 U.S. national security strategy"

Benjamin H. Friedman erhofft sich eine "realistische" Neuorientierung der Nationalen Sicherheitsstrategie der USA, da die wirtschaftliche Basis der amerikanischen Machtposition durch die Coronakrise schwer geschädigt sei. "Two economic factors suggest narrowing U.S. foreign policy objectives: (1) U.S. GDP and tax revenue will shrink in 2020, with no certainty about when they might recover. (2) Record deficits and debt endanger future economic growth. Political reasons for foreign policy restraint augment those economic factors: The public increasingly perceives non-security risks are paramount, and priority will go to domestic spending that aids recovery and increases domestic institutional resilience. Federal discretionary spending will bear a greater burden because mandatory spending programs are politically harder to cut. Since defense accounts for nearly half of discretionary spending, DoD will likely face sustained cuts. The U.S. enjoys a favorable geostrategic position with abundant protection from rivals, so it can cut defense spending without compromising security. Indeed, ending peripheral commitments in favor of core security interests strengthens the U.S. Ending policies bringing failure, overstretch, and drained coffers always made sense — coronavirus makes the case more urgent." (Responsible Statecraft vom 09.06.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/owc

"The Post-COVID Middle East? Toast."

Im Nahen Osten und in weiten Teilen Asiens wird die Coronakrise zu einer wirtschaftlichen "Verwüstung" mit entsprechenden politischen Folgen führen, prognostiziert Bill Blunden. "The economic devastation of the COVID-19 pandemic will no doubt aggravate existing long-term trends and set the stage for instances of collapse. To appreciate this one need only study the Middle East and India, parts of which are becoming a literal tinder box. (…) Broad swaths of the planet are about to become sweltering, hungry, and desperate. You don’t have to be Thomas Malthus to guess how this story ends. Take away enough seats during a game of musical chairs and things quickly degenerates into a brutal zero-sum affair. The narrative of civilization can be defined in terms of nations competing over resources. War, plague, famine, and death are the recurring themes of this narrative." (The American Conservative vom 13.06.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/owg

"Will COVID-19 change the geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific?"

Lynn Kuok analysiert in diesem Beitrag für das International Institute for Strategic Studies die geopolitischen Folgen der Corona-Pandemie im indo-pazifischen Raum. Sie erwartet nicht, dass regionale Machtstrukturen neu geordnet werden. Die Spannungen zwischen den USA und China dürften sich ihrer Ansicht nach allerdings spürbar verschärfen. "The crucial factors at play in regional geopolitics will remain, first, China’s behaviour in the South China Sea and elsewhere; second, the reliability of the United States as an ally and partner, and its ability to frame the contest as one that is not about containing China but supporting a free and open Indo-Pacific (this makes it easier for allies and partners to sign up to a joint vision); and third, the ability of the United States and middle powers, including Japan and Australia, to offer alternatives or even complements to the Belt and Road Initiative, whether in relation to infrastructure development or, as will become increasingly important, in healthcare. Chinese President Xi Jinping has wasted no time in talking up a 'Health Silk Road'. Any increased focus on healthcare in the region will not mean a turning inwards and the end of geopolitical competition; rather, health systems and securing critical medical supply chains look set to become yet another arena in which great-power rivalry will play out." (International Institute for Strategic Studies vom 04.06.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/owk

"Anders als Twitter unterwirft sich der Videokonferenz-Anbieter Pekings Anweisungen"

Der in der Coronakrise zu breiter Bekanntheit gelangte Videokonferenzanbieter Zoom muss sich Vorwürfe anhören, sich staatliche Zensur in China gefallen zu lassen, kommentiert der Tagesspiegel. "Der Videokonferenz-Anbieter hat eingeräumt, drei virtuelle Treffen von Menschenrechtsaktivisten unterbunden zu haben, die sich über die blutige Niederschlagung der chinesischen Demokratiebewegung von 1989 austauschen wollten. Solche Gespräche gelten in China als illegal. Das Unternehmen macht gar nicht erst den Versuch, diesen Schritt zu beschönigen. Auch künftig werde man den Anweisungen der chinesischen Regierung über 'illegale' Aktivitäten folgen. Mehr noch: Derzeit werde eine Software entwickelt, die dabei helfe, die 'Forderungen lokaler Behörden' zu erfüllen. In Russland, Brasilien oder Ungarn wird man das mit Dankbarkeit zur Kenntnis nehmen." (Tagesspiegel vom 13.06.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/owp


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