Dsa Bild zeigt ein Hinweisschild an einem abgesperrten Düsseldorfer Spielplatz mit der Aufschrift "gesund bleiben". Wegen der Verbreitung des Corona-Virus sind Bürgerinnen und Bürger bis auf weiteres aufgefordert Sozialkontakte zu meiden.


Die Corona-Krise und ihre Folgen

Ausgewählte Links aus der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau

Links vom 14.05.2020

"Why We Struggle to Address Invisible Threats: COVID-19 and Cybercrime."

Divya Ramjee vergleicht den Kampf gegen COVID-19 mit dem Kampf gegen Cyberkriminalität. In beiden Fällen handle es sich um eine unsichtbare Bedrohung globalen Ausmaßes. "Both of these types of threats behave similarly and deserve similar considerations when constructing policies for preparedness and response. In the World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report 2020, emerging infectious diseases and cybercrime are listed as top threats — with a high likelihood of occurrence and potential for long-term national and global instability. Both are infrequent but potentially devastating. Both should be approached as ongoing threats. (…) Trying to institute protections against something that can neither be seen nor properly quantified fuels anxiety among the public and policymakers. Our lack of expertise with such abstract threats, and the fear-inducing emotional priming of worst-case scenarios, makes us view large-scale yet infrequent events as 'doom'-like threats. We have a low tolerance for uncertainty and anxiety when it comes to understanding risk, and, in a paradoxical way, find comfort in the structure of expecting a catastrophic but rare event rather than considering the fluid spectrum of risks that are more likely." (Political Violence @ a Glance vom 12.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oml

"What Afghanistan Can Teach Us About Fighting Coronavirus"

Nach Ansicht von Pat Basu und Jason Dempsey hält der Afghanistan-Krieg der USA einige Lehren für die Bekämpfung der Corona-Pandemie bereit. "(…) it is the failures of our strategy in Afghanistan that offer the most valuable lessons for our handling of the pandemic. Acknowledging and acting upon these lessons will be necessary to minimize the damage from this pandemic and put America on a quicker path to recovery. The analogy of wartime mobilization is appropriate only if we also galvanize the nation behind a clear understanding of the threat and the means to defeat it. (…) Ultimately, in either a counterinsurgency effort or in the midst of a pandemic, it is important to stay focused on the main effort and not get distracted by supporting goals and short-term metrics. In the case of Afghanistan, America focused the vast majority of its efforts on either directly fighting the Taliban, or training Afghan security forces. Yet both efforts were doomed to failure so long as the central Afghan government was perceived not to represent the interests of the Afghan people. (…) We are unfortunately replicating this kind of misplaced effort by presenting a false choice between the economy and public health. They are intrinsically linked. We can pour trillions of dollars into propping up businesses, but these businesses will ultimately fail if people either continue to fall ill or are so afraid of falling ill that they keep their dollars at home. A healthy and vibrant economy is a goal shared by all Americans, but it is a goal that can be achieved only by adequately controlling this pandemic." (Politico vom 12.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/omm

"Pandemics Go Hand in Hand with Conspiracy Theories"

Frederick Kaufman erinnert daran, dass Pandemien in der amerikanischen Geschichte immer mit der Popularisierung von Verschwörungstheorien verbunden gewesen seien. "When medical systems fail, so do logic and reason, clearing a path for contagions of fear and blame. The Illuminati panic, exploding in a country battered by a covert enemy, which experts could neither explain nor contain, brought to the fore a theme that historians would later call the 'paranoid style' of American politics. It endures, from Pizzagate to the Deep State to Fake News, and presently flourishes amid the chaos brought on by covid-19. (…) Out of work, out of sorts, and armed with nothing but digital media in the struggle against seas of uncertainty, solitary thinkers have time to imagine all sorts of scenarios. Distrust accrues in quarantine, perhaps for good reason: our most intimate home — our metabolism — has turned into a potential subversive. Our own bodies can betray us, unknowingly becoming the sources of contagion. America had to wait until 1901 for an Army physician named Walter Reed to demonstrate that yellow fever came from a mosquito bite, and a vaccine did not appear until 1937. Medicine remains a battle against the unknown — and fertile ground for writers of all stripes to infect readers with fear." (The New Yorker vom 13.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/omn

"Will a Global Depression Trigger Another World War?"

Stephen M. Walt warnt, das die weltwirtschaftlichen Folgen der Corona-Pandemie den Boden für militärische Konflikte und sogar einen neuen "Weltkrieg" bereiten könnten. "For starters, we know neither plague nor depression make war impossible. World War I ended just as the 1918-1919 influenza was beginning to devastate the world, but that pandemic didn’t stop the Russian Civil War, the Russo-Polish War, or several other serious conflicts. The Great Depression that began in 1929 didn’t prevent Japan from invading Manchuria in 1931, and it helped fuel the rise of fascism in the 1930s and made World War II more likely. So if you think major war simply can’t happen during COVID-19 and the accompanying global recession, think again. (…) a sustained economic depression could make war more likely by strengthening fascist or xenophobic political movements, fueling protectionism and hypernationalism, and making it more difficult for countries to reach mutually acceptable bargains with each other. The history of the 1930s shows where such trends can lead, although the economic effects of the Depression are hardly the only reason world politics took such a deadly turn in the 1930s. Nationalism, xenophobia, and authoritarian rule were making a comeback well before COVID-19 struck, but the economic misery now occurring in every corner of the world could intensify these trends and leave us in a more war-prone condition when fear of the virus has diminished." (Foreign Policy vom 13.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/on3

"Die Welt hat das Recht zu wissen, was genau in Wuhan mit Sars-CoV-2 passiert ist – doch China blockt. Warum nur?"

Junhua Zhang kritisiert den Umgang der chinesischen Regierung mit der Aufklärung über den Ursprung von Sars-Cov-2. "Es ist Zeit, dass die Welt die Wahrheit über die Entstehung von Sars-CoV-2 in Wuhan erfährt. Ob Tiermarkt oder Forschungslabor, Peking weist Forderungen nach einer internationalen Untersuchung zurück. Wo es um 'Kerninteressen' der KP geht, gibt es keinen Spielraum." (Neue Zürcher Zeitung vom 14.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/omr

"Rabiat: Infokrieger"

Dennis Leiffels entschlüsselt gemeinsam mit einem Team von Journalistinnen und Journalisten von Radio Bremen, wie die neue Rechte das Mediensystem manipuliert. "Die Radio-Bremen-Reportage 'Rabiat: Infokrieger – Die neuen rechten Medienmacher' taucht tief ein in das Internet, seine Strukturen, Daten und Schwachstellen und ermöglicht einen einmaligen Einblick in den digitalen Maschinenraum der neuen Rechten. Wie gut funktionieren diese digitalen Angriffe auf die Demokratie wirklich? Und: Wie machen rechte alternative Medienmacherinnen und -macher Stimmung in der Corona-Krise? Nutzt oder schadet ihnen die Pandemie, die den Schulterschluss der demokratischen Mitte befördert, die zugleich aber auch destabilisierende Aspekte hat?" (Das Erste vom 11.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/omy

"Corona-Proteste - ein deutscher Sonderfall?"

Deutschland steht mit einer die politischen Lager überbrückenden "Querfront" bei den Coronaprotesten weltweit weitestgegehnd allein da, konstatiert David Ehl in der Deutsche Welle. "Es handelt sich um eines der wenigen Beispiele außerhalb Deutschlands für eine Allianz, die sich ohne das Coronavirus wohl kaum gebildet hätte: Vor allem in der Bundesrepublik begegnen sich Verschwörungstheoretiker, Demokratieverächter und Reichsbürger, aber auch Impfgegner und Esoteriker auf solchen Kundgebungen." (Deutsche Welle vom 14.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/omz

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