Dsa Bild zeigt ein Hinweisschild an einem abgesperrten Düsseldorfer Spielplatz mit der Aufschrift "gesund bleiben". Wegen der Verbreitung des Corona-Virus sind Bürgerinnen und Bürger bis auf weiteres aufgefordert Sozialkontakte zu meiden.

9.7.2020

Die Corona-Krise und ihre Folgen

Ausgewählte Links aus der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau

Links vom 10.05.2020

"Schaum vor der Maske"

Die Tageszeitung kommentiert die bundesweiten Proteste gegen die Einschränkungen des öffentlichen Lebens infolge der Corona-Maßnahmen. "Die Coronabeschränkungen sind nicht immer durchdacht. Aber eine Diktatur ist nicht in Sicht – nur die Vernebelung des 'gesunden Menschenverstands'." (Tageszeitung vom 09.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oj3

"Bundespolizei meldet 1900 Fahndungstreffer durch Corona-Grenzkontrollen"

Die Wiedereinführung von Grenzkontrollen an den deutschen Grenzen zeitigt positive Nebenwirkungen, berichtet die Welt. "Die zur Infektionseindämmung eingeführten Grenzkontrollen haben sich positiv auf die Kriminalitätsbekämpfung ausgewirkt. Seit dem 16. März wurden von den Grenzbeamten 1898 Personen aufgegriffen, die zur Fahndung ausgeschrieben waren, wie die Bundespolizei Welt am Sonntag mitteilt. Auch erzielten die Beamten 291 Sachfahndungstreffer." (Die Welt vom 10.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oj5

"Iraq will be hit harder by the oil price drop than by coronavirus or Isis"

Für den Irak stellen nicht die Coronakrise oder der "Islamische Staat", sondern die ins Bodenlose gefallenen Ölpreise die größte Bedrohung dar, schreibt Patrick Cockburn. "The problem for Iraq is simple but insoluble: it is running out of money as its oil revenues fall off a cliff, following the collapse in the oil price brought about by the cataclysmic economic impact of coronavirus. It derives 90 per cent of government revenues from the export of crude oil, but in April it earnt just $1.4bn when it needed $5bn to cover salaries, pensions and other state expenditure. It cannot pay the 4.5 million people on the government payroll and another four million receiving a pension. This may not seem like exciting news compared to an uptick in Isis killings or the potential ravages of Covid-19, but it may prove more profoundly destabilising than either." (The Independent vom 09.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oj8

"Cameroon's deadly mix of war and coronavirus"

In Kamerun sei ein von sezessionistischen Rebellen wegen der Coronakrise ausgerufener Waffenstillstand bereits wieder gescheitert, berichtet Ngala Killian Chimtom. Für die Bevölkerung bildeten die internen Konflikte und die Epidemie einen "tödlichen Mix". "Cameroon has so far recorded more than 2,200 cases and 100 coronavirus-related deaths since March, the highest in central Africa. However, few of them have been in the North-West and South-West, either because of little testing or because conflict has heavily restricted movement, effectively putting many urban and rural areas on lockdown long before the outbreak of coronavirus. Like most civilians, soldiers are now seen wearing mass-produced protective masks, and using hand sanitizer, as they patrol cities and towns in the North-West and South-West. However, there is little indication that the armed militias have taken any protective measures against coronavirus, or that they are medically equipped to deal with infections in their forest hideouts - where they sometimes hold abducted government officials." (BBC vom 10.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oja

"Weekly COVID-19 Pandemic Briefing – The Geopolitics of the Coronavirus"

Die britische Denkfabrik Chatham House führt wöchentlich interaktive Webinare durch, bei denen Experten die jüngsten Entwicklungen und politischen Folgen der globalen Coronakrise erklären. "What will the geopolitics of the pandemic mean for multilateralism? As the US retreats, what dynamics are emerging around other actors and what are the implications for the World Health Organization? Is the EU stepping up to play a bigger role in global health? Will the pandemic galvanize the global cooperation long called for? Professor Heymann is a world-leading authority on infectious disease outbreaks. He led the World Health Organization’s response to SARS and has been advising the organization on its response to the coronavirus. Professor Kickbusch is one of the world’s leading experts in global health diplomacy and governance. She advises international organizations, national governments, NGOs and the private sector on new directions and innovations in global health, governance for health and health promotion." (Chatham House vom 06.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ojc

"The world faces 'mega-famines' that could 'impact us on biblical proportions' due to coronavirus, UN warn"

Die UNO hat erneut davor gewarnt, dass die Coronakrise weltweit "Mega-Hungersnöte" auslösen könnte. "The United Nations' World Food Programme (WFP) has cautioned that the world faces famines if enough funds are not pledged to combat the effects of the virus on the world's most fragile countries, which are already grappling with food insecurity. 'What we are facing now is a double pandemic of famines that could impact us at biblical proportions,' WFP's executive director David Beasley said during a conference in Geneva on Thursday. Beasley said the UN's food agency helps nearly 100 million people on any given day and 'unless we can keep those essential operations going, the health pandemic will soon be followed by a hunger pandemic'." (Daily Mail vom 08.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ojd

"The Developing World: The Bigger COVID-19 Disaster in the Making"

Azeem Ibrahim schreibt, dass die Folgen der Coronakrise für Entwicklungsländer verheerend sein könnten. Besonders gefährdet wären "Mega-Städte" in Afrika und Asien mit hoher Bevölkerungsdichte, mangelnder Infrastruktur und schlechter Verwaltung. "(…) if the situation looks dire in places such as these, the situation will be much, much worse in areas in the global periphery: the growing cities of Africa with their high population densities (e.g., Lagos and Kinshasa are already more populous than London or Paris), poor management, and extremely poor infrastructure can expect to be decimated. Even better organized cities like Delhi, Dhaka, Kolkata, Mumbai, Karachi, Jakarta and others (which so far have dodged the proverbial bullet) could still be hit very hard, given how New York and London have struggled. The emerging mega-cities in the developing world, all topping 10 million people and growing rapidly prior to the pandemic, can expect devastating death tolls – to say nothing of the rural hinterlands in many of these countries, though the COVID-19 deaths in those areas are likely to go largely unreported. The continent of Africa could see between 300,000 and 3.3 million deaths during the pandemic." (Center for Global Policy vom 06.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oje

"How Climate Change Is Contributing to Skyrocketing Rates of Infectious Disease"

Abrahm Lustgarten weist auf den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Klimawandel und der zunehmenden Gefahr durch globale Infektionskrankheiten hin. "Aaron Bernstein, the interim director for the C-Change Center for Climate, Health and the Global Environment at Harvard University’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health, said that ignoring how climate and rapid land development were putting disease-carrying animals in a squeeze was akin to playing Russian roulette. 'Nature is trying to tell us something,' Bernstein said. Scientists have not suggested that climate played any direct role in causing the current COVID-19 outbreak. Though the virus is believed to have originated with the horseshoe bat, part of a genus that’s been roaming the forests of the planet for 40 million years and thrives in the remote jungles of south China, even that remains uncertain. Scientists have, however, been studying the coronaviruses of southern China for years and warning that swift climate and environmental change there — in both loss of biodiversity and encroachment by civilization — was going to help new viruses jump to people." (ProPublica vom 07.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ojf

"Experts Knew a Pandemic Was Coming. Here’s What They’re Worried About Next."

Viele Experten habe die Corona-Pandemie nicht überrascht, schreibt Garrett M. Graff. In den Szenarien der Katastrophenforscher gebe es neun weitere Bedrohungen, die auf die Welt zukommen könnten. Dabei sei besorgniserregend, dass wichtige gesellschaftliche und wirtschaftliche Abläufe bereits von einer relativ milden Pandemie ins Chaos gestürzt worden seien. "Beyond other pandemics, which appear regularly every decade or two, there are eight other major threats (and one wild card) that scientists and national security officials worry about currently that are real, identifiable and stand a chance that is more likely than not of occurring — at some scale, ranging from mild to catastrophic — in the next five to 50 years. (…) Then of course there’s the most frightening scenario emergency planners could face this year: several of the above. As FEMA preps for a hurricane season made all the more complex by the Covid outbreak, it faces the entirely foreseeable (even likely) possibility of confronting three or more large-scale disasters unfolding simultaneously this summer and fall: Wildfires out West, hurricanes in the Atlantic, and Covid-19 anywhere and everywhere. Add in the always-real possibility of, say, an earthquake (Kaniewski’s maxim, informed by his years working in FEMA, is simply, 'It's always earthquake season.') a string of powerful tornadoes, or a geopolitical event like a cyberattack, as Phoenix says, 'You get the exponential growth of awful.'" (Politico vom 08.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ojg

"Führt Corona in eine Cyber-Diktatur?"

Manfred Götzke im Pro-Contra-Gespräch mit Markus Gabriel, Professor für Erkenntnisphilosophie an der Uni Bonn und Jan Wetzel vom Wissenschaftszentrum für Sozialforschung in Berlin über die Corona-App und ihre möglichen Folgen. "Markus Gabriel: 'Die Tracing-App ist die Maßnahme einer soften Cyber-Diktatur. Der Cyberraum funktioniert nicht vollständig nach den Prinzipien des demokratischen Rechtsstaates. Das war auch vor der Krise so. Wenn wir jetzt aus dem Cyberraum eine Tracingapp in unseren Alltag eingreifen lassen, ist das eine an einen Cyber-Diktatur grenzende und nur teilweise demokratisch legitimierte Maßnahme.' (...) Jan Wetzel: 'Wir sind in einer Situation enormer Unsicherheit, wo nicht nur unklar ist, wie sich das Virus verbreitet, sondern auch unklar ist, wie man es am besten aufhält. Ob nun eine App oder andere Einschränkungen im Alltag besonders wirksam sind, ist unklar. Deshalb sollte man die App zumindest ausprobieren.'" (Deutschlandfunk vom 09.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ojj

"The Price of Covid Freedom May Be Eternal Spying"

Andy Mukherjee fürchtet, dass die teilweise Aufgabe der Privatsphäre, die im Zuge der Bekämpfung der Corona-Pandemie weithin akzeptiert wird, die Gesellschaft in vielen Ländern lange nach der Krise prägen könnte. "It hasn’t gone unnoticed that enthusiastic adapters of such software are in East Asia where, as MIT Sloan School of Management professor Yasheng Huang and others note, 'a collectivist spirit may encourage civic-minded embrace of and a more willing compliance with governments’ infection control.' But while cultural differences can help explain the beginning, the end game may be more universal: power and profit. Safely restarting economies will require governments to restore trust in people mingling in factories, offices, cafes and trains. It can supposedly be done with data more granular than what can be obtained from cellphone networks. Hence states want access to phones, with or without informed consent. Turning the clock back will be hard, if not impossible. (…) Just as the Sept. 11 attacks irrevocably shrank personal freedoms as security-at-all-costs became a policy driver, Covid-19 will erode privacy in the name of public health. (…) The bottom line: Where they exist, robust institutions could still offer resistance. In most other places, the individual’s autonomy has already become a virus casualty." (Bloomberg vom 10.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ojk


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