Dsa Bild zeigt ein Hinweisschild an einem abgesperrten Düsseldorfer Spielplatz mit der Aufschrift "gesund bleiben". Wegen der Verbreitung des Corona-Virus sind Bürgerinnen und Bürger bis auf weiteres aufgefordert Sozialkontakte zu meiden.

9.7.2020

Die Corona-Krise und ihre Folgen

Ausgewählte Links aus der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau

Links vom 05.05.2020

"Die USA sind auf dem Weg zu einem 'failed state'"

Peter Becker kommentiert die innenpolitische Lage in den USA vor und während der Coronakrise. "Die politische Klasse korrupt, die Wirtschaft herzlos, die Öffentlichkeit gespalten: In den USA hat der Populismus gewonnen." (Tagesspiegel vom 03.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oho

"Spy agencies target biomedical secrets in worldwide race to find COVID-19 vaccine"

Joseph Fitsanakis zufolge liefern sich Geheimdienste derzeit weltweit ein Rennen um biomedizinische Geheimnisse, die zur Entwicklung eines COVID-19-Impfstoffs beitragen könnten. "Much like frantic efforts to secure personal protective equipment like masks and gloves, ongoing research to develop a vaccine against COVID-19 appears to be taking the form of a competition between nations. The country that first develops a successful vaccine to combat the epidemic is likely to emerge as a major power-player in a post-coronavirus world. The government of the United States, whose race to develop a vaccine for COVID-19 is reportedly codenamed Operation WARPSPEED, has warned its biomedical experts that foreign intelligence agencies may be trying to spy on their research. (…) According to the BBC, other Western governments, including those of the United Kingdom and Canada, have warned that foreign spies have become active in the field of biomedical intelligence, with attempts to steal scientific data related to COVID-19. In March, Canada’s Centre for Cyber Security warned that research and development data related to the pandemic may be targeted by 'sophisticated threat actors' operating online." (IntelNews vom 05.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohp

"Nationalism trumps cooperation in virus vaccine race"

Alan Boyd weist darauf hin, dass die Entdeckung eines COVID-19-Impfstoffs mit enormen Profiterwartungen verbunden wäre. Gegenwärtig führe China dieses nationalistisch geprägte Wettrennen um den Impfstoff an. "China has emerged as the leading contender to produce a Covid-19 vaccine as concerns grow that nationalism and commercial interests could frustrate efforts to ensure equal access to an eventual treatment. With three vaccine candidates approved for human testing — from consortia led by CanSino Biologics, Sinovac and the Wuhan Institute of Biological Products — Beijing may have the biggest say in that process. (…) Across the Pacific, meanwhile, US President Donald Trump announced an extraordinary national campaign last week involving drug companies, government agencies and the military, code-named 'Operation Warp Speed', to get an approved American vaccine in production by January. Remarkably, the costs of the research will be underwritten by taxpayers, thus shielding private pharmaceutical firms from financial risks incurred, a strategy that mirrors the military-commercial axis employed by China. Health agencies are worried that both countries will give any vaccines to their own populations first, even if there is a greater need elsewhere." (Asia Times vom 05.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohq

"Trump administration pushing to rip global supply chains from China: officials"

Die US-Regierung will Reuters zufolge ihre Bemühungen um einen Abzug globaler Produktionsketten aus China deutlich verstärken. "President Donald Trump, who has stepped up recent attacks on China ahead of the Nov. 3 U.S. presidential election, has long pledged to bring manufacturing back from overseas. Now, economic destruction and the U.S. coronavirus death toll are driving a government-wide push to move U.S. production and supply chain dependency away from China, even if it goes to other more friendly nations instead, current and former senior U.S. administration officials said. 'We’ve been working on (reducing the reliance of our supply chains in China) over the last few years but we are now turbo-charging that initiative,' Keith Krach, undersecretary for Economic Growth, Energy and the Environment at the State Department told Reuters. 'I think it is essential to understand where the critical areas are and where critical bottlenecks exist,' Krach said, adding that the matter was key to U.S. security and one the government could announce new action on soon." (Reuters vom 04.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohr

"How not to win friends and influence people in Europe"

China habe es mit seinem Auftreten in der Coronakrise geschafft, in Europa eine Menge guten Willen zu verspielen, schreibt Jonathan Eyal in der Straits Times aus Singapur. "For there is a profound and genuine anger in Europe at China's current policies towards the continent, coupled with widespread acknowledgement that Europe urgently needs a radical rethink of its relations with China. The real question is whether Beijing understands just how deep the gap between itself and Europe really is. (…) European states have serious complaints about China on three fundamental counts. First, they hold China responsible for allegedly wasting precious time in trying to hide the onset of the pandemic; (…) European governments were unpleasantly surprised to discover that their efforts to avoid a public spat with China were not reciprocated by the Chinese. First came a wave of Chinese 'face mask diplomacy', a torrent of offers by the Chinese government to airlift face masks and other medical equipment to European countries. On the face of it, it was a great humanitarian gesture at a time when the Europeans were in their greatest hour of need. The snag was that much of this material was not fit for purpose and had to be returned or discarded, and at least half of it was not donated, but sold. More gallingly still, the Chinese insisted on politicising every humanitarian airlift. (…) Yet what infuriated European politicians most is the fact that China started challenging Europe's political model by openly putting forward the argument that the Chinese political system with its strong central control proved superior in handling the coronavirus challenge." (The Straits Times vom 04.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohs

"The post-coronavirus world is already here"

Der EU-Außenbeauftragte Josep Borrell erläutert in diesem Beitrag, vor welchen Herausforderungen die EU in der neuen geopolitischen "Post-Corona-Welt" stehen wird. "Once the sense of shock has passed, we must assess the consequences of this event, avoiding two pitfalls. Firstly, given the uncertainty surrounding this crisis, we must not draw hasty conclusions. Secondly, we must not let ourselves be overcome by shock, concluding too quickly that everything will change. In the history of human societies, major crises are always heralded by warning signs or events. And major crises usually have an accelerating effect on trends. This is why it would make more sense to look at the consequences of covid-19 from the point of view of how this crisis could magnify dynamics that are already at work. What are these dynamics? I can see three: - the future of globalisation and neoliberalism; - the evolution of global governance; - the resilience of the European Union and democratic European political systems when coping with serious and unforeseen risks. These three dynamics will shape the post-coronavirus world – a world which, to a certain extent, is already here." (European Council on Foreign Relations vom 30.04.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oht

"The World Order Is Dead. Here’s How to Build a New One for a Post-Coronavirus Era."

Auch Edward Fishman vom Atlantic Council hält das Ende der bisherigen Weltordnung mit der Coronakrise für unwiderruflich gekommen. Die USA sollten seiner Ansicht nach bereits jetzt mit der Planung einer neuen Ordnung beginnen und sich dabei an historischen Lehren orientieren. "Consider the lessons of America’s last two major attempts to build international orders — in 1919 after World War I and in 1945 following World War II. The post-1919 order was marked by the Great Depression, the rise of totalitarian regimes and eventually a conflagration even more devastating than World War I. By contrast, the post-1945 order led to more than seven decades of peace and prosperity, in which violent deaths plummeted and world gross domestic product expanded at least eightyfold. How can America avoid the errors of post-1919 and emulate the successes of post-1945? Three primary factors distinguish the two projects. First, U.S. leaders should plan for the new order right now, as the crisis is ongoing. (…) The second way U.S. leaders can learn from the past is to avoid the blame game. (…). Finally, the new order should be grounded in domestic consensus. (…) What exactly could this new world order, one that actually tackles the problems of the 21st century, look like? At the heart of every international order is a trade-off between breadth and ambition: as membership widens, goals must narrow. So we should imagine a two-level system. At the global level, the new order should focus squarely on collective-action problems — including climate change, cybersecurity and pandemics — that will imperil our world in the coming era as much as nuclear weapons did in the passing one." (Politico vom 03.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohu

"The geopolitical contours of a post-COVID-19 world"

Deepanshu Mohan von der O.P. Jindal Global University in Indien hat sich ebenfalls mit den möglichen Konturen der "Post-Corona-Welt" beschäftigt. Er erwartet eine "radikale Verschiebung" in den globalen Wirtschaftsbeziehungen und eine neue Popularität "starker Führer" und autoritärer Politikmodelle. "In a post-COVID-19 world, many developed nations may consider disentangling direct trade relations with China and decoupling supply chains to restrict the flow of goods and services into and from China. We are also witnessing signs of authoritarian leaders deepening their control over citizens and redefining sovereign command. (...) While parallel insinuations might be appealing, the post-COVID-19 political machinery might witness a shift towards the adoption of and preference for authoritarian, command-control governance too. A plea for both national and social security is likely to follow. For nations where authoritarianism is already deeply entrenched, there might be a centrifugal effect induced by the pandemic taking public sentiment away from a central-command model of governance." (East Asia Forum vom 02.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohv

"Wenn Sie ein Handy haben, sind Sie doch ohnehin schon überwacht"

Thomas Fischermann im Gespräch mit dem Hacker Oxblood Ruffin "über die ideale App gegen das Coronavirus (...) – und deren möglichen Missbrauch." (Zeit Online vom 03.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oi1

"Disease and Diplomacy in the 19th Century"

Andrew Ehrhardt vom King’s College London wirft einen Blick in die Geschichte und beschreibt, wie Staaten früher auf diplomatischer Ebene mit Epidemien umgegangen sind. Bis zum 19. Jahrhundert habe dabei die Verhängung von Quarantänen im Mittelpunkt gestanden, seitdem gebe es eine zunehmende internationale Kooperation. "(…) the practice of quarantine defined the relationship between disease and diplomacy for much of modern history. Yet toward the midpoint of the nineteenth century, as the industrial revolution significantly increased manufacturing within nations and the trade between them, both national and international opinions on quarantines found the practice ever more cumbersome and costly. After a particularly deadly outbreak of cholera in 1832, the British government implemented strict quarantine measures which drew the ire of English businessmen, traders, and merchants, leading some to argue that cholera was a 'humbug got up for the destruction of our commerce.' Likewise, on a regional and global level, the impact on trade and commerce was inconsistent and increasingly debilitating. (…) The need to resolve this uncomfortable strain between pandemic on the one hand, and progress and prosperity on the other, was one of the reasons European governments once again advocated for nations to cooperate on matters relating to the spread of disease. (…) The relationships between disease, science, nationalism, and internationalism in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries have been highlighted by a number of historians in the past; yet these linkages seem to be undervalued by a number of commentators today. On the subject of international order, in particular, the pessimism of some leading thinkers is discouraging." (War on the Rocks vom 30.04.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oi3


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