Dsa Bild zeigt ein Hinweisschild an einem abgesperrten Düsseldorfer Spielplatz mit der Aufschrift "gesund bleiben". Wegen der Verbreitung des Corona-Virus sind Bürgerinnen und Bürger bis auf weiteres aufgefordert Sozialkontakte zu meiden.

9.7.2020

Die Corona-Krise und ihre Folgen

Ausgewählte Links aus der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau

Links vom 04.05.2020

"China-Versteher machen alles noch schlimmer"

Kristin Shi-Kupfer warnt auf Zeit Online davor, die Kritik an Chinas Menschenrechtspolitik in Zeiten von Corona hintanzustellen. "In Politik und Medien gibt es eine Tendenz, Kritik an Peking zu beschwichtigen. Doch damit schadet man all jenen in China, die sich mutig dem Regimediktat widersetzen." (Zeit Online vom 02.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oh7

"Mexican drug cartels distribute COVID-19 'care packages' to build community capital"

In Mexiko verteilen Drogenkartelle Joseph Fitsanakis zufolge Corona-Hilfspakete an die Bevölkerung, um ihren Rückhalt in den Städten und Gemeinden zu stärken. "One of the most well-organized 'care package' drives is being carried out by the Sinaloa Cartel. The criminal group’s leader, Joaquín Guzmán (known as 'El Chapo'), was arrested in 2016 and is currently incarcerated in a Super Max Federal Prison in the United States state of Colorado. (…) The Sinaloa Cartel has published videos showing community drives carried out by young people wearing facemasks bearing a stenciled rendition of Guzmán’s portrait — reminiscent of the silhouetted portrait of the Argentine Marxist revolutionary Che Guevarra. They are seen handing out cardboard boxes bearing Guzmán’s portrait and information about his company. The boxes reportedly contain hand sanitizer, oil, rice, sugar, salt, toilet paper, and other necessities. Dante Sorianello, the Assistant Special Agent in Charge of the Drug Enforcement Administration in San Antonio, Texas, said these campaigns by the drug cartels are designed to build 'community support', which the cartels then use 'as a buffer between them and the entities of law and order'." (IntelNews vom 04.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/oh8

"Pompeo says 'enormous evidence' virus came from Chinese lab"

US-Außenminister Pompeo zufolge gibt es deutliche Hinweise dafür, dass die Corona-Pandemie ihren Ursprung in einem chinesischen Labor habe. "News reports say Trump has tasked US spies to find out more about the origins of the virus, at first blamed on a Wuhan market selling exotic animals like bats, but now thought possibly to be from a virus research laboratory nearby. Pompeo, a former director of the Central Intelligence Agency, told ABC that he agreed with a statement Thursday from the US intelligence community in which it concurred 'with the wide scientific consensus that the COVID-19 virus was not man-made or genetically modified.' But he went further than Trump, in citing 'significant' and 'enormous' evidence that the virus originated in a Wuhan laboratory. 'I think the whole world can see now, remember, China has a history of infecting the world and running substandard laboratories,' Pompeo said." (The Times of Israel vom 03.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohb

"The End of the US-China Relationship"

Stephen S. Roach bezweifelt, dass sich das Verhältnis der USA zu China von der Coronakrise erholen wird. "A nationalistic American public is fed up with China. According to a new poll by the Pew Research Center, 66% of US citizens now view China in an unfavorable light – six points worse than last summer and the highest negative reading since Pew introduced this question some 15 years ago. While this shift was more evident for Republicans, those older than 50, and college graduates, unfavorable sentiment among Democrats, younger cohorts, and the less educated also hit record highs. An equally nationalistic Chinese public is also irate at the United States. That is not just because President Donald Trump insisted on dubbing a global pandemic the 'Chinese virus.' It is also because whispers turned into shouts linking the outbreak of COVID-19 to alleged suspicious activities at the Wuhan National Biosafety Laboratory. (…) Can the broken US-China relationship be salvaged? Ironically, COVID-19 offers an outside chance. Both countries’ leaders would need to end the blame game and begin restoring trust. To do so, they would need to come clean on what really happened in the early days of the pandemic – December for China, and January and February for the US." (Project Syndicate vom 27.04.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohc

"Global Backlash Builds Against China Over Coronavirus"

Auch in vielen anderen Ländern nehme das Misstrauen gegenüber China in der Coronakrise spürbar zu, stellt Steven Erlanger fest. "Across the globe a backlash is building against China for its initial mishandling of the crisis that helped loose the coronavirus on the world, creating a deeply polarizing battle of narratives and setting back China’s ambition to fill the leadership vacuum left by the United States. China, never receptive to outside criticism and wary of damage to its domestic control and long economic reach, has responded aggressively, combining medical aid to other countries with harsh nationalist rhetoric, and mixing demands for gratitude with economic threats. The result has only added momentum to the blowback and the growing mistrust of China in Europe and Africa, undermining China’s desired image as a generous global actor." (The New York Times vom 03.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohd

"The pandemic challenges democracies — but really hurts dictators"

Nach Ansicht von Michael Albertus könnten die politischen Konsequenzen der Coronakrise für autoritäre Regierungen sehr viel schwerwiegender ausfallen als für Demokratien. "The covid-19 pandemic poses enormous threats not only to public health but also to government. Democracies around the world face unprecedented challenges. But turmoil among dictatorships may be one of the pandemic’s most enduring legacies. (…) Dictatorships are also vulnerable to crises in the current pandemic — but for different reasons than democracies. (…) Here’s the new twist: The burgeoning pandemic promises to shake up dictatorships by radically reshaping the resources that disparate groups hold at their disposal. Most authoritarian regimes — like democracies — are facing major economic slowdowns due to the pandemic. This will shrink the size of the economic pie. It will also generate new winners and losers as some groups bear more of the economic shocks than others. These shocks will in turn provide grist for leadership challenges and perhaps even rekindle dormant civil conflicts, if the balance of power between opposing groups changes on the ground. Research shows all of these factors can spur leadership change within dictatorships." (Monkey Cage vom 30.04.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohe

"How Coronavirus Could Permanently Transform The U.S. Military"

Loren Thompson hält es für möglich, dass die Angst vor neuen Pandemien Gesellschaften weltweit lange nach der Coronakrise prägen könnte. In den USA könnte dies zu langfristigen Veränderungen führen, die auch das Militär beträfen. "We didn’t abolish nuclear weapons, we learned to live with them. Maybe coronavirus will be the same — not because we will be stuck in the same rut forever, but because the prospect of future pandemics will have been indelibly impressed on this generation’s collective imagination. (…) If we don’t develop an effective vaccine, or have reason to believe our enemies might employ novel pathogens in wartime, then some military practices will need to change permanently. This would seem to give greater impetus to the use of unmanned systems in combat, because unit cohesion among troops might be impeded by medical concerns. There are many other adjustments the joint force could need to undertake if coronavirus persists or the specter of biowar is deemed more plausible. Right now everybody is in a wait-and-see mode, hoping that a silver-bullet solution to COVID-19 can be found. But that solution will likely take a long time to arrive, if ever." (Forbes vom 20.04.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohg

"Me on COVID-19 Contact Tracing Apps"

IT-Sicherheitsexperte Bruce Schneier erklärt in seinem Blog, warum er den praktischen Nutzen von Corona-Tracking-Apps im Gegensatz zu vielen anderen Fachleuten nur gering einschätzt. "This is a classic identification problem, and efficacy depends on two things: false positives and false negatives. (…) Assume you take the app out grocery shopping with you and it subsequently alerts you of a contact. What should you do? It's not accurate enough for you to quarantine yourself for two weeks. And without ubiquitous, cheap, fast, and accurate testing, you can't confirm the app's diagnosis. So the alert is useless. Similarly, assume you take the app out grocery shopping and it doesn't alert you of any contact. Are you in the clear? No, you're not. You actually have no idea if you've been infected. The end result is an app that doesn't work. People will post their bad experiences on social media, and people will read those posts and realize that the app is not to be trusted. That loss of trust is even worse than having no app at all. It has nothing to do with privacy concerns. The idea that contact tracing can be done with an app, and not human health professionals, is just plain dumb." (Schneier on Security vom 01.05.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohh

"COVID-19, Speech and Surveillance: A Response"

Jack Goldsmith and Andrew Keane Woods haben in einem Essay zur digitalen Meinungsfreiheit in der Coronakrise argumentiert, dass die Überwachung und Regulierung von Meinungsäußerungen durch Tech-Unternehmen kein neuartiges Phänomen sei, sondern als Fortführung früherer staatlicher Praktiken betrachtet werden sollte. In diesem Beitrag wehren sich die Autoren gegen den Vorwurf, damit eine Überwachungsinfrastruktur nach chinesischem Vorbild zu befürworten. "If you read the article, you will see that we do not remotely endorse China-style surveillance and censorship, or claim that the United States should adopt China’s practices. The piece was meant as a wake-up call about how coronavirus surveillance and speech-control efforts were part of a pattern rather than a break in one, and why, and what the stakes were. (…) we think our premises are sound. And we do not think that the trend toward greater government involvement has peaked. This is a description of where we have been headed and a prediction, not an endorsement, but we don’t want to run away from this element of our thinking. The United States is not China and is not going to become China, but it undoubtedly has been on a path to greater government involvement in digital networks." (Lawfare vom 29.04.2020) https://kurz.bpb.de/ohi


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