Policy Briefs

Policy briefs offer facts and analysis on issues of immigration, integration and refugee flows, presented in a clear and accessible style. Each policy brief provides an introduction to a key theme, combining background analysis with a critical appraisal of different perspectives on the issues. In addition, the briefs contain tips for further reading and internet links, offering readers the chance to gain more indepth knowledge on a particular issue. Up to six new policy briefs are published annually.

New Articles

Banner mit "Denver loves Immigrants (Denver liebt Einwanderer)" am City and County Building von Denver, 26.02.2018

Pratheepan Gulasekaram

Sanctuary and Anti-Sanctuary Immigration Law in the United States

Sanctuary policies have existed in the US for several decades. Recently, federal and state initiatives have tried to restrict these policies, raising questions regarding the authority of states and localities to engage in immigration policymaking.

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Tausende Menschen aus Zentralamerika auf ihrem Weg an die US-Grenze (hier in Tapanatepec, Mexico, Ende 2018). Viele der Flüchtenden gaben an, sich unter tausenden anderen Flüchtlingen sicherer zu fühlen, als sich einem Schlepper anzuvertrauen.

Gabriella Sanchez

Deconstructing the Myth of the Migrant Smuggler

Migrant smugglers are often considered unscrupulous criminals who exploit people in helpless situations. However, research results show a more complicated picture. The present contribution is an attempt to shed light on the complexity of migration facilitation.

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Ausgabe von Coupons für Essenspakete in Zaatari

Bram J. Jansen

Cities in the Making: Contours of the Urbanizing Refugee Camp

Refugee camps are designed as temporary shelters, yet, in practice, they exist for long periods of time in the course of which urbanization processes set in that may present an opportunity for their inhabitants and environments.

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Eine Wissenschaftlerin betrachtet eine Probe

Parvati Raghuram / Gunjan Sondhi

Skilled Female Migrants in the EU

The share of women among tertiary level educated migrants in the EU is higher than that of men. However, many of these highly skilled women do not work in jobs that match their qualifications. A look at trends of skilled female migration in Europe.

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Eine syrische Frau und ihre Kinder im Hafen von Athen.


"Together We Are Stronger" – On Self-Organization of Women* Refugees

The non-profit organization “Women in Exile & Friends” is mainly run by refugee women*. What are the aims of the organization and why is self-organization important? An interview.

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In many world regions women outnumber men in international migration flows.

Mirjana Morokvasic

Women on the Move: Impact of Migration Revisited

In many world regions the share of women in international migration is rising. Yet, the traditional gender order is quite resistant to change.

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Kinder der Rohingya-Minderheit in einem Lager in Bangladesch.

Jacqueline Bhabha

Contemporary Human Rights Protections for Child Migrants

There are many international legal instruments aiming at the protection of children in migration. Nonetheless, migrant and refugee children continue to suffer human rights violations.

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Ein Kind arbeitet im Straßenbau in Bangladesch.

Aidan Kerr

Trafficking in Children – the Supply and Demand of Exploitation

The human trafficking business is flourishing. No country is immune to trafficking in persons. In some world regions a large proportion of victims are children under the age of 18.

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Ein Junge aus dem Kongo wird im US-amerikanischen Staat Virginia von seinen amerikanischen Adoptiveltern in Empfang genommen.

Rachel Rains Winslow

Adoption and Child Migration in U.S. History

When thinking of child migration, certain forms of mobility come to mind: children seeking refuge, child soldiering, or trafficking in children. Who would think of international adoptees as migrants? Yet, they are. An overview of U.S. adoption history.

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Ein britisches Kind bei der Feldarbeit - Westaustralien, um 1916.

Stephen Constantine

Child and Juvenile Migration from the United Kingdom

Poor, sometimes orphaned or homeless children and juveniles, deprived of a normal home life, were considered to be a social problem in the United Kingdom. Therefore, many were shipped to the empire's overseas dominions, especially to Canada and Australia.

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Landgut auf Mallorca

Karen O'Reilly

Lifestyle Migration

The concept of lifestyle migration describes the movement of relatively affluent individuals to places that offer, either in the imagination or materially, the possibility for self-realization and the pursuit of a better quality of life. This short dossier looks at different forms of lifestyle migration, the wider factors that shape it, and some of its longer-term impacts.

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Wahllokal in Redditch/Großbritannien: In Großbritannien können auch ausländische Staatsangehörige aus bestimmten Drittstaaten an Kommunalwahlen teilnehmen.

Kees Groenendijk

Voting rights and political participation of non-national immigrants

In Germany, there is an ongoing discussion about the granting of local voting rights to non-EU nationals. So far, only EU nationals are allowed to cast their ballot in local elections. Many other EU Member States have already granted voting rights to third country nationals as well. Which Member States have done so and under which conditions? Which arguments do supporters and opponents use in favor or against the granting of voting rights to foreign nationals? This policy brief seeks answers.

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Zwei Grenzkontrolleure laufen entlang der Begrenzung zwischen Polen und Weißrussland.

Mechthild Baumann

Frontex and the EU Border Regime

Using modern technology and in cooperation with neighboring states the European Union tries to secure its external borders in an attempt to deter both criminal activity and illegal migration. Central actor is the border management agency Frontex. Who or what is Frontex? And what exactly does Frontex do? These are some of the questions the policy brief seeks to shed light on. At the same time it provides an overview of the development and central elements of the European border regime.

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Ein neugeborenes Mädchen liegt am 2. Januar 2007 im Auguste-Victoria-Klinikum in Berlin in ihrem Bett.

Frank Swiaczny

Demographic Change and Migration in Europe

All European countries will be facing similar demographic conditions in the near future: many countries are facing a negative natural population balance in the long term, that is, a population decline as a result of a deficit of births. Internal and international migration flows have an impact on the population in terms of its size and structure. The policy brief analyzes the interrelation of demographic change and migration in Europe.

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Pendler an einem Bahnhof in Mumbai, Indien.

Jochen Oltmer

Global Migration in the Future

Migration has been a central element in the adaptation of human beings to environmental conditions as well as to societal, economic and political challenges. Mobility of people changed the world in past centuries: numerous examples show the extent to which labor or settlement migration, flight, displacement or deportation influenced the makeup of the population, the development of labor markets or cultural and religious orientations.

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Dr. Thorsten Nieberg

Germans Abroad

The article draws on this author’s research on German expats in Hong Kong and Thailand. Both locales, Hong Kong and Thailand, are part of a wider geopolitical unit known as the Asia-Pacific which has evolved to become one of the world’s currently most-attractive regions because of its increasing economic importance.

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Niederlassung des Türkischen Bundes in Berlin-Brandenburg

Ludger Pries

Migrant Organizations: Size, Structures, and Significance

People with similar conceptions of life or shared interests organize themselves in various ways into associations. This is also true of migrants who form organizations because of their common cultural, political, economic or social interests and values.

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Mann mit Handy an einem Fenster zwischen Satellitenschirmen in Bukarest

Policy Brief 20

Does the Crisis Make People Move?

This policy brief looks at the internal migration in the European Union (EU). Special emphasis is placed on the development of internal European mobility and migration movements after both the EU expansions in 2004 and 2007 in light of the global economic and European sovereign debt crises. The individual articles give priority to the mobility of EU citizens that take advantage of the right to freedom of movement within EU borders.

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Marktstand mit Vermietungsanzeigen

Bettina Gransow

Internal Migration in China – Opportunity or Trap?

Since the 1980s, migration within China has increased considerably along with the economic upturn. It now represents a third of all internal migration worldwide. Foreign direct investment and the export orientation of China’s economy, a building boom and the revival of the service sector were among the factors that led to the creation of a great many new jobs in the large conurbations along the east coast of China.

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Apotheker der Apotheke am Südstern, Berlin-Kreuzberg

Policy Brief 18

Procedures for the Assessment of Qualifications Acquired Abroad in Transition

Although Germany can look back on a long history of immigration, the subject of the accreditation of qualifications that have been acquired abroad has been given increasing attention only in roughly the last five years. The issue is becoming volatile because of demographic changes which will in the future only increase the shortage of skilled workers already noticeable in Germany and other European countries. According to the calculations of the Cologne Institute for Economic Research, in 2011 there was already a shortage of over 158,000 highly qualified workers.

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Straßenszene in Izmir

Vera Hanewinkel

The Emigration of Highly Qualified German Citizens of Turkish Descent to Turkey

The fall of 2011 was marked by the 50th anniversary of the agreement on the recruitment of Turkish workers by the Federal Republic of Germany. The study focused in this connection on the migratory movements from Turkey to Germany which began with the signing of the recruitment agreement on 1961 and continued even after the recruitment stop in 1973. Considerably less attention has been paid, on the other hand, to the migration which has taken place in the opposite direction. Currently, more people are in fact migrating from Germany to Turkey than the other way around.

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Islamischer Religionsunterricht an einer Schule in Stuttgart.

Policy Brief 16

Integration in plain figures? Approaches to integration monitoring in Germany

The past decade was characterised in Germany by profound political, legislative and institutional changes with regard to integration policy. In this context, the question increasingly arises as to whether and how to determine the successes and failures of Germany´s integration policy. The development of so-called "integration monitoring" that has experienced a boom in Germany in recent years, represents such an attempt. It records the current state and changes in immigrant integration by means of regularly collated statistical parameters (indicators).

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Länderprofile Migration: Daten - Geschichte - Politik

Ein Länderprofil enthält Informationen über Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration in einem bestimmten Land. Diese Informationen bestehen aus: Daten und Statistiken, Geschichtlichen Entwicklungen, Rechtlichen und politischen Maßnahmen, Aktuellen Debatten in den Ländern.

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Zahlen zu Asyl in Deutschland

Wie viele Menschen suchen in Deutschland Asyl? Woher kommen sie? Wie viele Asylanträge sind erfolgreich? Und wie viele Menschen werden abgeschoben? Wir stellen die wichtigsten Zahlen zum Thema Asyl und Flucht monatlich aktualisiert in einfachen Infografiken dar.

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